According to Taiwan Provincial pundits from both ends of the political spectrum, there is a rift growing between two major groups in that province. One would assume that it is between the “Native” Taiwanese, ethnic Chinese who immigrated to Taiwan in the 16th century and the Chinese refugees who fled Mainland China after 1949, but it is actually based on ideology. Mirroring the dueling ideologies in Korea, there is a battle between the pro-ROC groups and the pro-ROT groups.
The pro-ROC faction comprise largely of Taiwanese who support the idea of Taiwan as being the continuation of the Republic of China. Many of them consider themselves part of a country called the ROC and a few of them wish for the de jure independence they once had when the world recognised them as the Republic of China. They are largely voters of the “Pan-Blue Coalition” and live largely in the northern areas of Taiwan. Individuals who support a Republic of China are individuals who consider themselves Chinese, while still remaining proud of their Mainlander, “Native Taiwanese”, Hakka and Aboriginal heritage, as well as supporting the use of Mandarin as the official language. There is also a movement within this faction that supports eventual reunification with Mainland China should it sufficiently reform to become a liberal democracy with a free-market economy.
The pro-ROT faction on the other hand, are made up of Taiwanese who support the idea that they are a distinct culture and race like the Koreans and wish to create a new country called the Republic of Taiwan. Most individuals of this group consider the Nationalist Party who ruled Taiwan as “Chinese Fascists” who are corrupt and enjoy oppressing the local population and they constantly strive to make themselves less Chinese by promoting a “Taiwanese” identity and phasing out any Chinese characteristics out of Taiwan by all means necessary. For several years, these groups have tried to apply to the United Nations under the name of “Taiwan” and have also lobbied other organisations to recognise their country as “Taiwan” instead of the “Republic of China”. The people who have these beliefs largely vote for the “Pan-Green coalition” and they reside largely in the southern portion of Taiwan.
These groups that call for a “desinification” of Taiwan generally refuse to acknowledge any form of ethnic or cultural Chinese ties and are working to make “Taiwanese” recognised as being a genuine language (despite evidence proving it is a Chinese dialect) and an official “language” in Taiwan. This faction supports outright independence and is largely dependent on assumed American and Japanese forces to protect them for a Chinese response.
After observing the recent anti-Bian protests and the transformation of the colours green and red into political colours, it would not be a bad idea to split Taiwan into two regions before tensions escalate in the province. These two regions can be split up based on ideology into a Republic of China and a Republic of Taiwan partitioned based on the following map from the 2004 provincial elections:
The green areas shown on this map would constitute the Republic of Taiwan (ROT) with the capital in Gaoxiong while the blue areas would be the Republic of China (ROC) with Taibei as its capital. From what someone noted on facebook about this idea:
Let’s just split Taiwan island in half. There can be a pro-Blue, pro-Unification North Taiwan that can either be a Taiwan Province or a ROC, while the South would become a pro-Green, independent Republic of Taiwan.
North Taiwan or the ROC/Taiwan Province, PRC’s capital will be based on Taipei. Their national flag with be the ROC flag or the PRC flag, and their citizens will be able to fly through the rest of Mainland China with just a National ID card. The currency can be either the NT or the CY and they will either use simplified or traditional Chinese. Additionally, their system of government can be a representative republic as outlined in the ROC Constitution or just Basic Law that mirrors the Macau or HK SARs.
South Taiwan or the Republic of Taiwan will have their capital in Kaohsiung. All their cities will have Chinese references purged out of them. For example, Taizhong will be remained Taitai while anything references to the word “Hua” or “Zhong” will be respectively replaced with the words “Tai” and “Du”. The Republic of Taiwan will also have perpetual security agreements with both the United States and Japan as a way to assert their independence over the Chinese once and for all. In regards of their culture, South Taiwan will either use Traditional Chinese, romanized Peoohji, or simply Japanese kanji mixed with Peoohji. Last, their system of government will be a parliamentary democracy mirroring the system in Japan.
There will be a Green Line dividing the entire island with Japanese SDF troops stationed on the Southern end of the island complemented by a division of ROC and PLA soldiers on the Northern end of the Green Line.
Like Azerbaijian, the partitioned Republic of China will have a southern enclave that will be relatively isolated from the rest of the region, which is situation in northwest Taiwan. On the other hand the ROT will stretch from the south all the way to the northeast part of the island. Assuming that both regions cannot coexist and fight over disputed areas or populations, the bordering regions should be guarded by local troops with some help from external allies. On some level, dividing Taiwan Province into two regions is not such a bad idea given the escalating tensions between the ROC and ROT groups, the growing rift between true believers of Taiwanese independence and Chinese reunification, and the politicisation of culture and history based on opposing ideologies.
It worked for India, Korea, Yugoslavia, and Czechoslovakia, so let’s just split Taiwan Province for everyone’s benefit!