The Truth about Nanjing (南京の真実, Nankin no shinjitsu?) is a forthcoming film by Japanese filmmaker Satoru Mizushima (水島 総) about the 1937 Nanking Massacre.
Less than a month before the 70th Anniversary of the Nanjing massacre, the director said in an interview, that Japanese war criminals were martyrs who were made the scapegoat for war crimes as Jesus Christ was nailed to the cross in order to bear the sins of the world, and died bearing all of old Japan’s good and bad parts and headed for the gallows. He also claimed that the Nanjing Massacre was a politically motivated frame-up by China and many of the Westerners who made witness account about the Nanjing Massacre were bought-off or engaging in espionage activities.
Below is a leaked draft script of the third part of the “Truth of Nanjing” trilogy intended for Americans. The premise involves a naive American, a Japanese-American, and their film crew working to investigate the “lies” behind Iris Chang’s novel, evading Chinese agents who are out to silence them, show how China is evil with Japan being a victim, and ending with a courtroom drama to prove Iris Chang’s work is a sham. Enjoy!
The Truth of Nanking
Written by Satoru Mizushima
A close up of a part of a revolver shows up in the dark.
The gunpoint of the revolver slowly points towards the camera and we gradually realize that this is a gun.
The camera closes into the gunpoint. It is pitch black inside the gunpoint.
The screen is pitch-black and suddenly a gunshot is heard.
The screen turns red and quietly fades out.
A headshot of Iris Chang emerges out of the black screen.
On Tuesday, November 9, 2004 at about 9 a.m., Iris Chang, the author of The Rape of Nanking (1997), a book about the massacre and rape that was said to be conducted by the Imperial Japanese Army at Nanking, China in 1927, was found dead in her car by a county water district employee on a rural road south of Los Gatos and west of California State Route 17, in Santa Clara County. Investigators concluded that Chang had shot herself through the mouth with a revolver.
S-1 Dawn (Aerial shot)
(S-1 to S-4 will be shot drama style)
Dawn, Santa Clara County, State of California
A car drives down the street.
An aerial camera follows the car.
The car runs south of Los Gatos and west of California State Route 17.
S-2 Near the suicide site
Cailifornia State Highway
The car slows down on the freeway and goes to the side into a private road. This is the private road of a water company. The gates are closed.
S-3 Side road of California
State Highway Route 17
We see the back of a parked car with its engine still running.
A woman can be seen inside the car.
A woman is sitting in the driver’s seat. She’s looking straight ahead and is not moving.
The woman is actress, Anna Kinskey (ANNE).
ANNE swallows hard.
The crack of dawn shines into the car.
ANNE looks the car clock. It’s 7:08 am.
Her hand opens a bag.
A gun is pulled out of the bag.
It’s a “Ruger Old Army .45”, a gun unfit for a woman.
With an extremely nervous look the woman sticks the gun into her mouth.
A shaking finger cocks the gun and touches the trigger.
Her eyes are wide open.
Her finger is on the trigger.
She closes her eyes tight.
The finger on the trigger moves.
Suddenly she let’s out a sound like that of an animal’s cry.
The woman pulls the gun out of her mouth.
No…No…It’s not suicide.
(Looks into the camera)
Iris didn’t commit suicide.
Camera pans from ANNE and we see three tough looking men come out of a car that had been following ANNE. They walk up to her.
DAN (Dan Shiotsuki)
How was it?
(Shakes her head) It’s not suicide. I would never commit suicide like this. After sticking the gun into my mouth…I realized…that my face and head was going to be blown off…I’d never die this way.
But she had depression. She could have done anything on impulse…right?
But Iris is a mother. And she had a little son that she loved. That son will look at her death mask…This suicide is strange.
But Iris did…
And plus, this is a replica gun, right? Would you want to end your life with a replica gun? She must’ve at least wondered what would have happened if the replica gun didn’t do its job
Yeah, you’re right…
DAN, she was taking pills for depression everyday. Then why didn’t she commit suicide using these pills? It’s much easier to do and cleaner. Something isn’t right. This definitely isn’t a simple suicide. DAN, I think her death is worth investigating again.
Ms. Anna Kinskey, what you just did for us isn’t actually an investigation or any experiment.
DAN and Man A suddenly stick a gun to ANNE’s head.
DAN, what is this?
The actress Anna Kinskey will commit suicide today. Just like Iris Chang.
(Towards the cameraman) Start shooting!!
Man B sits in the passenger seat beside ANNE and sticks a gun to her temporal.
Man A sits in the back of the car.
DAN, what’s going on? Explain this to me.
Man A brings his arms around ANNE’s neck and holds her from behind.
Man B who was sitting beside ANNE pushes the gun into her mouth, forces ANNE to hold the gun, and tries to maker her pull the trigger.
The man’s hand and finger forces the trigger to be pulled.
The trigger is pulled.
A “click” sound is heard and we now know that the gun is not loaded.
The gun is pulled out of ANNE’s mouth.
Sorry about that ANNE. We just had to tape this scene.
Then this is all fake?
Yes. I wanted to create a situation that was as real as possible
ANNE looks shocked for a split second.
Then, gets out of the driver’s seat still confused, and looks at DAN.
I’m sorry. But we were able to get a perfect shot. We got acting far more superior than…acting!
With an expression mixed with cry and laughter, ANNE suddenly slaps DAN on the face as hard as she could. DAN accepts the slap.
(Finally relaxes and takes a deep breath)
You had me there, DAN.
I’m really grateful to you ANNE. Now we’re certain that our suspicion was true.
So you’re saying that her death was not from suicide?
Yes. You didn’t guard yourself when I, a person you know, came close to you. There’s a possibility that she was summoned by someone to come here…There’s a restaurant here that’s open until late at night. She could have met someone there.
…! Let’s go!
S-4 The restaurant “Neko”
located near a sideroad of
California State Highway Route 17
ANNE and the staff’s cars drive down the state highway and go into the restaurant “Neko” located in a little open area near a side road.
ANNE, DAN, and the others get out of their cars.
The people of this restaurant disappeared about half a year ago. Look through the window. See? The napkins and forks are still placed on the tables. It seems like they ran away scared of something.
Did Iris go to this restaurant as well?
Possibly. Or else she wouldn’t have found that place where she was found dead.
So she met with someone…here?
Yes, she could’ve met someone here, and then got dragged to that place.
And it wsa disguised as a suicide…
There’s also a rumor that Iris was scared that she might be killed…Iris bought a replica gun the day before she died. She might have bought it for self defence because she was scared of something.
Maybe she was forced to commit suicide.
Yeah, and told that if she didn’t, her kids and husband would be massacred.
The inside of the restaurant is still dark.
S-5 Inside the car (heading towards
Iris’s former house)
ANNE and DAN are inside the moving car.
ANNE, in her book The Rape of Nanking, Iris claims that the Japanese army massacred over 300,000 Nanking civilians and raped over 20,000. But I’m starting to believe that the Nanking Massacre is fiction.
So you’re saying it’s a total lie?
Iris’s book The Rape of Nanking had over 30 obvious historical errors in it. Frankly speaking, this book can’t be called a history book, although it may be a best selling gorey fiction novel. The more I do research on it, the more I’m certain.
But…what has Iris’s death and the Nanking Massacre have to do with each other?
(Looks at ANNE)
I get it…Iris found out that what she wrote was a mistake…she wrote a lie…and that’s why she committed suicide?
(Nods) But there are other possibilities as well…I’m now certain after doing that experiment on you.
Killed…(swallows hard). Are you serious?
Because there are some people out there who want her dead.
There are people who don’t want the public to know that The Rape of Nanking was fiction. That it was a demagogue and everything was false, because they would be in horrific trouble if this happened.
…! (Looks at DAN’s side face)
There are a lot of people in this world that spread political demagogue as a business. They existed long ago, and they exist today.
And Iris was one of them?
This year marks the 70th year after the Nanking Incident. Over 30 million dollars are spent in making 12 Nanking Massacre movies in China and the U.S. It’s still continuing, ANNE.
Suddenly we hear TONY, who is driving behind them in an equipment truck, call in from the transceiver.
DAN, can you hear me? It looks like someone is following us.
Are you sure?
They’ve been following us since the site. It’s weired.
O.K. Let’s turn left at the next crossing and stop our vehicles. We’ll see what’s going on.
ANNE, DAN, and TONY’s two vehicles suddenly accelerate and make a sharp turn at the crossing. The car following also accelerates and makes a sharp turn at the crossing but as soon as it notices that the two cars have parked, it drives by.
What? What just happened?
S-6 In front of Iris Chang’s grave.(could be a non-existent place)
ANNE and DAN stand in front of Iris’s grave.
ANNE puts flowers in front of her grave.
When I came out of Iris’s house, it was still dark. I was supposed to be acting, but tears kept flowing out of my eyes. I kept on looking back, many many times. Her family was still sleeping in the house and I felt her pain. I imagined her kids sleeping and couldn’t even drive straight. I felt extremely lonely…
Iris was probably very lonely. She felt that she was the loneliest person in the whole world. ANNE, people don’t commit suicide just because they were threatened or were a victim of violence. They die when they feel that they are all alone in this big world. And I think they are willing to die if it’s for people they really love.
Is this coming from your experience?
Maybe (laughs) By the way, ANNE, will you still continue working with me?
DAN, why did you choose me?
(A bit baffled) W…well, one, you’re a very famous actress, two, you’re very honest and full of integrity, and…(Hesitates)
(Smiles and looks at him) Is that it?
(Confused) Is that not enough?
(Doesn’t answer and smiles) No…One more question…DAN… (Looks straight at DAN)…is this dangerous?
The two look into each other’s eyes.
OK! Then I’m going to do it. It’s dangerous because it’s worthwhile, right? And first and foremost, how can I refuse an offer from my fan?
(Hands out his hand with a smile)
ANNE shakes DAN’s hand.
Whose hand is shaking?
Both of ours (Laughs).
S-7 Experiment in front of an outdoor shooting range.
ANNE points a replica gun towards the camera.
The staff set up a plaster figure (other flexible figure OK as well) apart from ANNE, and move away.
Start filming! Ready, set, go!
ANNE places the replica gun inside the figure’s mouth and starts reporting in front of the camera.
The bullet that was said to have been shot by Iris stopped at her throat. It didn’t penetrate it.
ANNE pushes off the safety device and fires the replica gun.
This is the limit of its fire power. If you were going to commit suicide, wouldn’t you want to be certain and use a real gun? There also seems to be an an issue with the bullet that is said to have been created by her.
S-8 In front of Santa Clara County Police Station
(S-8 – S14 will be shot in a documentary style)
A car stops in front of the County Police Station. ANNE and DAN get out of the car and go into the police station.
S-9 Investigation Department inside the station.
ANNE and staff interview the investigator who investigated Iris’s death. (This will be filmed like a documentary interview)
They ask about her committing suicide by shooting herself through the mouth with a revolver.
About the place of her death being at a place too plain.
The mysterious fact of her using a replica revolver.
The possibility of it being a cover up murder.
About the drugs in her body found after her postmortem.
S-10 Gun shop “Reed’s Sport Shop”
ANNE and staff go to the gun shop where Iris bought her replica revolver and ask about her mental and physical condition when she bought the gun.
Also conduct interviews with people who taught her how to shoot.
S-11 Hoover Institution on War, Revolution and Peace, Stanford University
A bronze statue of Iris Chang stands in the building.
A description is inscripted.
ANNE and staff attempt an on-the-spot interview.
Why did they put this statue in this University?
Have they acknowledged that the Nanking Massacre did in fact happen?
What are they going to do if they find out that this incident was fabricated?
Questions regarding donations from a private Chinese organization in the U.S.
Who proposed this relationship with the organization?
S-12 The Pentagon? Relic Room
ANNE reads the documents related to the Tokyo Tribunal of War Criminals.
The Tokyo Tribunal of War Criminal film records are screened and ANNE studies them.
(Permission to dub and use the The Nanking and Shanghai portions of the Tokyo Tribunal and Blakeney’s comments on the use of the atomic bomb should be obtained immediately)
S-13 Interviews with academics
Unappointed interviews conducted with academics and intellects who wrote appraisal and recommendations for Iris Chang’s The Rape of Nanking.
“Do you seriously believe that the historical facts written in that book are true?” “What is your base for this?””Japanese researchers are validating the fact that the Nanking Massacre did not actually happen, but what do you think about that?” Ask specific questions and corner them. The fake photos used in the book would be a good start. But this has to be done in a polite manner
i.e. Fredrick Wakeman (UC Berkeley) or Beatrix S. Bartlett (Yale) would be good targets.
S-14 Interviews with people in the film industry.
The same kind of interviews will be conducted to directors and producers of the Nanking Massacre movies.
What kind of research and verifications have you made? Don’t you think this was used as a propaganda?
S-15 Interview with Mike Honda
Interview with Congressman Mike Honda.
Have you read Iris Chang’s The Rape of Nanking?
What do you think about the authenticity of the Nanking Massacre and why?
What are you going to do if you find out that this was all made up?
Ask about his relationship with the private Chinese organization in the U.S.
Ask about donations and its amount.
S-16 In front of the office of
“Global Alliance for Preserving
the History of WWII”
ANNE and her staff arrive in San Francisco’s China Town.
Anne and her staff go into the entrance that has the
sign Global Alliance for Preserving the History of
World War Two.
If the interview is denied, then I would like to capture
this on film as well.
There will be another camera in a different group as
S-17 Public Relations staff for the
ANNE interviews the PR staff.
Why was this organization established? What are its activities?
Its relationship with China. Financials (Where does the money come from?)
There are rumors that this is the Chinese government’s spy organization.
Aggressively ask about China’s suppression of human rights, Tibet, Uighur, Taiwan.
What is your relationship with the 12 movies about to be made about the Nanking Massacre?
Request evidence regarding the Imperial Japanese army’s atrocities and obtain permission to publicly disclose this information.
S-18 Outside the building
ANNE and DAN go outside the building together with their staff. From behind, a Chinese woman, along with a tough looking Chinese man, calls ANNE.
Chinese Woman (FORELY)
Anna Kinskey, I’m FORELY Kim. I edit books. (Reaches out her hand for a handshake) I came here because I had a meeting regarding a new book. Can I talk to you for a moment?”
(Shakes her hand)
Sure. What can I do for you?
I hear you’re going to make a movie about the Nanking Massacre?
Yes I am.
I’m really interested. I heard that you were going to make a movie that says that the Nanking Massacre never happened, but is this true?
I’m not sure what this movie is going to be about yet. But I do have a lot of questions and am investigating them right now.
What do you think? Do you seriously think that the Nanking Massacre never happened?
So I’m telling you. We’re investigating this right now. I believe that there are a lot of mistaken facts in Iris Chang’s book. I also think that her death is full of mystery and I am interested in looking into that as well.
So you’re saying that Iris Chang didn’t commit suicide?
We don’t know this yet as well. But I do question this considerably.
Are you guys receiving money from the Japanese?
Of course not. We haven’t accepted a single cent. We’re not like some organization or congressman I know of.
That’s why we don’t have much money to produce this film!
If we can mutually agree on historical facts, than we are willing to support you on the creation of your film…
(Strongly) No thank you. As a journalist, we just want to find out what the truth is. It’s not for the money.
As a Chinese American, I understand that you have sympathy for Iris. That’s why the Chinese organization financially supported Iris and that book, right?
The four glare at each other in a foul atmosphere.
You guys are trouble. Are you planning to turn the entire Chinese community in the U.S. against you?
Of course not.
Are you threatening us? Wow, you scare me! (Laughes and provokes them)
Of course not. But the Chinese in the U.S. will get angry (Nice but firmly) seriously angry.
(Looks straight into FORELY’s eyes)
FORELY, this is the U.S. It is a country of freedom. We will investigate this freely, and we will report it freely.
It’s different from a one-party dictating country where there’s no freedom of press.
The four glare at each other again.
Yes. The U.S. is a great country.I am an American just as you are. I also wish that China will become like the United States some day. In order to do so, the U.S. and China should understand each other and get along. Anna Kinskey, let’s meet again. You’re just like Iris Chang (points to the tip of ANNE’s nose and smiles)
The two Chinese people walk away
ANNE and DAN look at each other, and see the Chinese off.
S-19 In front of DAN’s Production building
Two equipment trucks come in and ANNE, DAN, and the staff get out of them.
A car passes by.
ANNE and DAN see the car off and look at each other.
Did you notice?
It’s the same car from that morning we were followed. I did feel as though we were constantly being watched…
They might be making themselves visible on purpose to intimidate us. I told our staff to keep a sharp look out for anyone going in and out of the building so no bombs will be set in the office or in the cars.
(When closing the door) If I close this door…
…(Looks at ANNE)
Boom!! (Closes the door)
S-20 A film of the Atomic bomb being dropped is shown
(This is actually a filming of the press conference of the Nanking movie in Los Angeles)
With an explosive sound, a B-29 Bomber files into the thunder clouds.
From the sky over Hiroshima City, something is dropped.
An atomic mushroom cloud explodes over Hiroshima City
On August 6th, 1945, a plutonium type Atomic bomb was dropped on Hiroshima City, Japan.
Next, an atomic mushroom cloud explodes over Nagasaki City.
On August 9th, a uranium type atomic bomb was dropped on Nagasaki City, Japan. The two explositons caused by plutonium and uranium atomic bombs, also known as a human experiment, massacred approximately 300,000 noncombatants and civilians.
Show devastating images and films of Hiroshima and Nagasaki City after being bombed.
S-21 The Great Tokyo Air Raid
A film recording the actual Tokyo Air Raid will be shown.
March 10th, 1945. The Great Tokyo Air Raid.
After the 3 air rades conducted by the U.S. forces, 51% of all of Tokyo was reduced to ashes. Especially the air rade on March 10th was, apart from the two atomic bombs, the largest war damage in history conducted by a conventional weapon and 100,000 civilians were indiscriminantly massacred. 3,040,000 total victims. 250,000 dead, injured, and missing. The bombing strategy was to bomb from the outer borders of Tokyo and then to close in towards the center. This bombing was conducted to literally exterminate the people in Tokyo.
Film footage and photographs of the Great Tokyo Raid will be shown.
The indiscriminant bombing throughout Japan led to over 1 million dead and injured citizens.
S-22 The Nazi’s massacre in
Images of the massacre of the Jews in Auschwitz.
Nazi Germany carried out the genocide of the Jews aimed to their extinction and this lead to victims of about 6 million. Racism and totalism ideology represented in Nazism created from European modernism had caused various genocides.
S-23 Pol Pot Massacre
A mountain of human skeletons piled up.
A concentration camp created by Pol Pot.
The remains of their rooms and torture instruments are
Caption and Narration:
Influenced by China’s Maoism, Cambodia’s Pol Pot government massacred one third of its population, which accounts to 3 million of its own people. The Pol Pot government was brought down but the Chinese government who assisted this massacre still has not expressed any regrets or apologies.
S-24 North Korea’s horrible condition and the abduction issue
Show footage of North Korean citizens suffering from starvation and the North Korean People’s Army marching forward.
Show Megumi Yokota, abduction victim’s photograph. Then show numerous photographs of other abduction victims.
Caption and Narration:
Kim Jong-il, who is said to have taken on Mao Tse-tung’s military first policy and thorough dictatorship, continues to kill more than 3 million of his people by starvation and continue its terrorist and abduction activities around the world.
S-25 The Tibetian Massacre
Show film of the Tibetians and Lama monks trying to flee across the border to India to escape Tibet.
Then show Chinese Border patrol shooting them down.
This is footage of Tibetians and Lama monks trying to flee across the border to India, looking for freedom, in 2007. They were shot and killed from behind by the Chinese Border Patrol. This was filmed by chance by a Rumanian TV crew.
＊ ＊ ＊ ＊
A pro-independence Tibetian woman shot in public by the Chinese Security Police.
In 1950, the Chinese army invaded Tibet, and 1.2 million Tibetians were massacred by Chinese oppression.Now, the number of Chinese who have immigrated to Tibet, outnumber the number of Tibetians. The top positions in local government and companies are all occupied by the Chinese and Mandarin is forced to be used as Tibet’s language. With the Chinese government’s ethnic cleansing policythe Tibetians and its culture is at a verge of extinction. And the oppression and massacre of the Tibetians still continue to this day.
S-26 The Massacre of the Uighur
Show film of the people of Uighur suffering from radiation that resulted from over 50 nuclear experiments and contamination conducted in the area.
Show images of the resistance of the Uighur people and political oppression.
It is the same with the people of Uighur. The Uighur people who claim human rights and freedom, and ethnic independence, are labeled terrorists and are victims of political oppression and massacre. The Chinese government has conducted over 50 nuclear experiments near the residential area of the Uighur people which continue to produce huge numbers of deaths and victims of radiation.
Conduct an interview with World Uyghur Congress spokesman Dolkun Isa (Regarding the nuclear contamination and radiation disorders and massacres)
Massacres originating from racism have also been conducted to people with different religion and philosophies under totalism ideology.
S-27 The Tiananme Massacre
Show film and photographs of the People’s Liberation Army surpressing and killing the students. Show photographs of people run over by tanks.
S-28 The Surpression and Massacre of Falun Gong.
Show images of political suppression, massacre, and torture.
Trading of organs belonging to death row prisoners.
Number of victims killed due to political suppression in China during the 60 years after World War Two:
It is said that history repeats itself. Is this true? Has the history of massacre repeated itself to this day as well?
The words for the title “Human Genocide”shows up on the screen.
Then the screen disappears and turns white.
This is the avant-title. We were planning to make the main part of the documentary after this.
S-29 Press Conference (Press
conference room in Los Angeles)
Documentary and drama style using numerous cameras
Will document the actual American press conference of the movie The Big Nanking Trial – Mankind’s False Accusations.
ANNE, DAN, their staff, a Japanese staff group, and some academics and intellects hold a press conference in front of domestic and international media.
Hello everyone. My name is Anna Kinskey, and I am the creator and reporter of this documentary film. I’m also an actress. We were originally planning to make a documentary film on Massacres. This is because we thought that massacres originated from racism that ignored human rights, and totalism. We also believed that the Nanking Massacre which was said to be conducted by the Imperial Japanese Army was also an example of this. As written in Iris Chang’s book The Rape of Nanking, we too at first thought that there were “forgotten massacres” conducted to over 300,000 Chinese. But we have now begun to suspect this
Hello my name is DAN Shiotsuki and I am the producer and director of this film. While we were making this documentary, we realized that something strange was going on. A country that is continuing its massacre and surpression of human rights on Tibet and Uigher and giving military support to the Sudan Government to massacre its people to secure oil rights, is making 12 movies on the Nanking Massacre that happened 70 years ago and is planning to distribute them internationally. Something strange is going on here. A country that is continuing its massacre and human rights suppression to this day, is about to largely advertise an incident that happened 70 years ago, and portrayd as a victim. We started to think that there was a hidden truth that was kept from us. Now, I’d like to introduce the people who have agreed to support us and participate in this project, and to have a few words from them.
The people from the Uighur human rights organization, the Tibet pro-independence group, Falun Gong, the Tiananmen democratization group, and the Sudan massacre opposition group introduce themselves and make brief statements (has to be within 30 seconds).
Now, what I’d like to mention is that this film is a U.S. – Japan co-productin consisting of staff from both the U.S. and Japan. I’d like to introduce to you Tomoichiro NAGOSHI, our producer for Japan.
Hello, my name is Tomoichiro NAGOSHI, the producer for Japan. The Japanese, probably because of its Bushi-do philosophy, have perceived not making any excuses for its own conduct and not blaming others, as virtue, and lived by this.
Historical photographs are projected onto the screen.
In World Word Two, over 300,000 Japanese were massacred by the atomic bomb. In the Great Tokyo Air Raid 100,000 were killed over night by indiscriminant bombings. Right after the war ended, a genocide and rape were conducted by the Soviet Union in Manchuria and 600,000 were sent to Siberia against their will for forced labor and 60,000 died there. But still, the Japanese did not once conduct a voice of protest on this. They probably thought that there was nothing to be said about a war that they had lost to. But now, their virtue is abused and an incident that never happened, is about to be turned into an incident that did happen. That incident is the Nanking Massacre. If this actually happened, then we will accept this and apologize without any hesitation. But after conducting through investigation and historical verification, we started to become certain that this whole incident was a huge set up full of questionable elements. If this incident infact did not happen, then this is totally unfair. As a Japanese citizen, I would like to clarify the truth of this incident with my American friends.
As an American, I believe in the United State’s liberty and democracy, its justice and fairness. This film is something that the Japanese, for the first time after World War Two, have stood up and given a voice of protest to the world, that they want to clarify the historical truth. We decided to act with them on their actions because we share the same set of values on liberty and democracy.
I am also convinced that the Nanking Massacre did not actually happen.
I conducted some investigation on this event on my own.
And the more I investigated the facts, the more I became certain that this was a historical fabrication and that it was an unjust and false accusation shameful in the history of mankind.
What made me absolutely certain of this was when I saw an old Japanese film that had a record of Nanking at the time.
I think the number of people in the world who know about the existence of this film, including everyone here, is very limited.
Now, I’d like to show a part of this film to everyone.
This film found in Japan starts shooting the scenery of Nanking the day after it was occupied. Of course you’d have to discount the fact that this film was used to elevate the fighting spirits of the Japanese soldiers, but in comparison with other film and photographs, it tells us where, when, and who shot the film and is therefore an A-class primary resource. Please take a look at this.
Nanking filmed by the Toho filming crew is shown on the screen.
(voice over the screen) This film was shot the day after Nanking was occupied. I got hold of this in Japan. It is completely different from what Iris Chan wrote in her book The Rape of Nanking
If Nanking was exactly as it appears here in this film, then The Nanking Massacre becomes the biggest lie in history.
The Japanese film crew who shot this film went into Nanking right after its occupation.
It is interesting to see that if the Nanking Massacre and rape did in fact take place, there should be at least some evidence showing that it took place, or evidence of someone trying to cover any evidence of it up, but there is in fact no sign of this at all.
In fact, the doubt of whether the genocide actually did take place or not keeps increasing. Please look at the expressions on the faces of the many Nanking civilians.
If it is one person this may be possible, but I don’t think that a large number of citizens like this could be forced to show such great acting skills.
Look at the expressions on the faces of these children who play with fire crackers at the road in front of the Japanese Imperial Army command center.
Is this the expression of chidren in the middle of a genocide? If they were actors, they would be internationally acclaimed super child actors.
Peaceful scenery of Nanking is shown on the screen and the screen turns white and the light goes on.
So, which historical fact do you all believe in? Iris’s, or this Japanese film?
(From the press section of the room)
(Laughes) There are probably a lot of people like you. I want you to see just one example. This is Chinese footage that has been used in various media including TV and movies and in the Memorial Hall of the Nanjing Massacre that was used as evidence for the Imperial Japanese Army’s atrocities
ANNE gives a signal to the staff. Footage of The Battle of China where a fujitive is shot from behind is shown and paused.
This is a scene where we gasp in horror. But we cannot see the person shooting. Please look at the next scene (signals)
The same execution scene but this time with the gunner is shown and paused.
The scene before was trimmed and we don’t know who shot the fujitive. But we do know in this one.
This is not the uniform of the Imperial Japanese Army.
Yes, that’s right.
The one shooting is a soldier of Chiang Kai-shek’s Nationalists party. The fujitive that was shot is probably a member of the Communist party. These scenes are used as though they were conducted by the Japanese army.
You all may not believe this, but there is not a single motion footage that proves The Rape of Nanking.
Mike (a reporter)
Not a single footage?
Not a single footage.
There are only films that have been made from putting together bits and pieces of random atrocity films where we don’t know who it was filmed by and what was filmed.
And we also only have unsupported testimonies from self proclaimed victims. And I’m sure you all have recently experienced the uncertainty of testimonies.
Now on the screen we see the testimonial video of a young girl who defected to the U.S from Kuwait at the time of the Gulf War.
She testifies in tears that Sadam Hussein’s Iraqi army invaded Kuwait, went to hospitals and was smashing babies into the ground.
We Americans were moved by her testimony and were in favor of the Gulf War.
But I think we all remember that this testimony was completely false.
This little girl was the daughter of the Embassador of Kuwait to the U.S.A. and was not a defector or anything of that sort at all. It was a false propaganda that was conducted by a U.S. Ad agency whose client was the Kuwait government.
It’s a good example that testimonies shouldn’t easily be believed in.
And now it is known that a lot of things, including numerous testimonies without any evidence to back it up and even the newspaper articles of the time, were false. We have discovered them. We can say that there is absolutely no real evidence telling us that the Nanking Massacre or rape took place at all. But there are numerous evidence telling us that the Nanking Massacre was in fact fabricated.
Everyone, please take a moment to imagine. What if the Nanking Massacre was all a false accusation and lie, and that it was a propaganda aimed towards the American people…?
And if Iris Chang’s book was also someone’s words of propaganda?
Steve (Chinese reporter)
How can you determine this? Ms. Kinskey, if you keep saying such foolish things, the film industry will stop taking you seriously.
I’m an American. As an American I want to keep the integrity of justice and truth. With the help of our Japanese friends, we found new important and critical evidence that proves our stance.
We will announce this evidence to the world in our movie and at an event that we are about to announce. The world will know the truth about The Rape of Nanking, be amazed, and understand the beauty of freedom and democracy.
And, the fear and danger of strategic propaganda
Can’t you announce it now?
We can if we wanted to. But everyone, please remember. As I mentioned earlier, it has been 70 years since the Nanking incident and this year there will be more than twelve movies made in the U.S. and China about the Nanking Massacre.
If we think of the total production costs for all these films, it will easily exceed 300 million dollars.
A huge amount of money will be spent on famous producers, directors, and top staff, to create movies with stories that will touch the hearts of many people around the world.
But what if all of this were lies?
What if these stories were based on bogus information created from money and deception?
What if they were all fabricated?
What if it was clearly verified that the stories were fake?
Will the Americans and the people around the world be touched with a story based on false incidents?
(Looks at the reporters)
The answer is no.
The twelve movies would all be worthless.
Our movie and our event is a time bomb. It is a time bomb that will expose the fabrication of historical facts and reveal the truth.
And these new evidence found will be a time bomb that will clear the huge false accusations put on Japan and the Japanese.
Recently in Stanford University, Iris Chang’s bronze statue was erected.
It was donated by an organization consisting of the Chinese in the U.S. Was it because she was recognized as a true historian?
In China, they are presently doing expansion works on The Memorial Hall of the Nanjing Massacre and are applying to register it as a world heritage site.
They want to make the fictitious Nanking event into a historical fact such as Hiroshima and Auschwitz.
The people in the film industry around the world are about to be made into a supporter of this false history and unjust accusation without knowing it.
The same is with you people of the press. Are you all going to support a historically incorrect and false unjust event?
Are you all going to be a supporter of this false accusation? It is very sad and a pity but I believe Iris Chang was taken advantage of.
The press murmurs.
A Chinese like reporter yells
That’s a lie! That’s total BS! (leaves the conference room)
We will see if it is a lie or not in our movie and event by clearly verifying the facts. The one who would not want the public to know that the Nanking Massacre did not take place and that it was a tale used for political propaganda, is the one party dictating Chinese government that killed at least 40 million of its own people since its establishment.
And this country of one party dictatorship and surpression of human rights is going to hold the Olympics.
Presently Japan is one of the strongest allies to the U.S. closely tied both politically and economically.
Japan shares its values of freedom and democracy with the United States.
What if this was a strategic propaganda to get the Americans to hate and despise Japan and the Japanese, and to separate the two countries?
Nazi Germany’s Propaganda Minister, Joseph Goebbels, made the following statement.
“Even if you have a mistaken fact, if you say it with full confidence and repeat it, and promote it extensively, then the general public will believe it.”
We Americans cannot be the ignorant general public.
If Japan, the number two economic country in the world, and the U.S. start to separate from each other, Japan will approach the single party dictating country China, and the two countries will most likely oppose the U.S.
Is it appropriate for Asia to go under the influence of totalism that ignores freedom and human rights?
No, even before this ideology, we should not allow historical lies to exist.
As a proud American, I believe in America’s freedom and democracy, America’s fairness and justice.
Our movie will strive to find the truth.
We’re not asking you to believe everything we say.
But we do ask you as fellow journalists, to investigate the truth.
Please do not be a supporter of a propaganda proposed by a single party dictator country
Wait, so you’re determining that Iris Chang and her book was part of this propaganda?
I’m not determining this. But putting aside the question of whether she knew she was part of it or not, I think she was part of it and am investigating this right now. I’ll give you one example.
Two photographs are shown on the screen
One picture is that of a Japanese soldier with a saber about to execute a Chinese looking man tied up and sitting, and the other picture is a photograph after the execution.
I’m sure some of you have seen these pictures before. In Japan, many of these pictures are thoroughly examined (urges NAGOSHI)
This picture was circulated throughout the world as evidence of the Nanking Massacre. This is of course used in Iris Chang’s The Rape of Nanking.It was even used in a school text book in Taiwan.
Take a look at the two photographs.
First of all, the camera has to be placed really close to the subject or this photograph can’t be taken like it is. Next, is the height of the camera. This next photograph shows his head cut off, but the person who cut his head is also in the picture. Did the camerman take this picture using a step ladder from inside a hole?
They were able to take this photo because it wasn’t a real execution. This is a staged photograph used for propaganda.
Look at the shadows of these people. They’re facing various directions.
This is evidence that this is a composite photograph. The person sitting down doesn’t even have a shadow.
Maybe there are many suns in China.
The person holding the sword is wearing a strange outfit. There are no uniforms like this in the Imperial Japanese army and there was no custom to where such an outfit.
Now, these are people whose faces and expressions can clearly be seen.
Then why hasn’t the Chiang Kaishek government searched these people after the war and arrested them as war criminals as they did with others?
There is no trace of an investigation or arrest for these people after the war.
(Shrugs her shoulders) Iris’s book contains a lot of false photographs such as these. We can say that most of them are fake photos used for the Chiang Kaishek government’s propaganda. (Signals)
A photograph of a tank burning a farmer’s house with a fire torch and a photograph with a Chinese farmer crossing the bridge with a soldier is shown.
This is also a picture used in Iris’s book. During the massacre, a third of Nanking was destroyed by fire.
(It would be great to have a picture overlooking this area). In this picture, it says that the Japanese army is putting a rural house on fire.
But when Nanking was occupied, this tank called the Type 97 Te-Ke did not exist on earth. It was not yet in production.
Iris argued that the Nanking Massacre continued until the spring of 1938, and so it wouldn’t be strange for the tank to have been in Nanking.
This makes me laugh as well because the Type 97 Te-Ke was built in a number of 274 from 1939. It didn’t exist in 1938.
Putting an authentic looking caption on an authentic looking picture and manipulating the mind. These are methods that communists and facists use all the time…Now…
ANNE pulls out a revolver from her bag. The reporters cry out a voice of surprise.
ANNE points the gun into her mouth.
(Smiles modestly) Don’t worry. This is just a replica revolver. A Ruger Old Army .45. But maybe it is still dangerous. (Becomes serious) Iris Chang committed suicide with the same replica revolver as this. To tell you the truth, we’re starting to question her suicide.
The press murmurs.
Mark (a reporter)
Ms. Kinskey, are you telling us that Iris Chang was murdered?
The police concluded that it was a suicide. But there are several points that I am not convinced with. My first question is why she decided to use a gun. I tried an experiment where I was in the exact same situation as Iris. As a woman, I thought about my face after I died. I didn’t want my family to see my destroyed face.
Iris had a son and husband whom she loved. As a mother and a wife, would she choose to commit such suicde?
Anyways, we have questioned everything and continued our investigation. With all due respect, I believe she was a woman with excessive self confidence. Would she (does movement of putting a gun into her mouth and makes an expression asking “what do you think?”)? If it were me, I’d kill myself with pills. It’s clean.
ANNE points at the screen that shows the place where Iris committed suicide.
There’s one more interesting thing. The place where she died. Iris was found dead in her parked car at a side road about 20 meters off the State Highway Route 17. It’s the side road that goes into property that belongs to a water company. We went there under the exact same circumstances. It’s a place that’s hard to find where you would have to make a sharpt turn, even if you were going at 50 miles per hour. It’s too much of a dry and tasteless area to end your life in. I heard that Iris was a romantic woman. Why would she commit suicide there?
There are many other questions as well. Even if she did pull the trigger herself, the barrel was so long that it must’ve been hard for her to pull the trigger. And even if it was a suicide, I believe there had to be someone who forced it on her or something…
I have played roles in mystery and suspence for movies and TV shows. And the base for these stories is always motive. Who would have wanted Iris’s death and be happy or in peace?
Her family? The answer is No. Is it Iris herself? Of course No.
She probably committed suicied because she was not happy.
Then is it the Japanese who were accused in The Rape of Nanking?
The answer is No again.
If she dies, then she will become a heroine and a legend.
In Japan the content of her book is pointed out as being fabricated and fake.
They want her to be alive.
Then who will benefit from her death? Who can use her death as a hero’s death and take advantage of it?
The massacre is still continuing to this day on this earth from the same government that is pouring money in the Nanking Massacre movies and using it as propaganda. This government is going to hold the Olympics.
Our identities as journalists are being tested here. In the end, please let me say a word. Iris Chang passed away at the age of 36.
Even if she was an agent for a propaganda organization, or even if she was a pure American journalist, it was very unfortunate for her to leave her children and husband and die.
Whether she committed suicide or was murdered, whatever brought her to that stage, we will investigate.
We don’t want to put a young American woman’s death to waste. We would like to seek the truth for her sake as well.
In order to do this, we decided to hold an Nanking International Historical Full Court Session here in Los Angeles as the main event of our documentary.
We would like to thoroughly inspect The Nanking Massacre and clarify its historical truth.
Of course this will not be anything official, but we plan to conduct this as fair as possible following the rules and laws of the United States of America.
The evidence I mentioned earlier that tells us that the Nanking incident was a historical fabrication and a political propaganda will be revealed at this court.
We would like to have everyone involved in the production of the Nanking movies, the audience, and the mass media to come to the court and observe.
I believe that this court would be a cluster level time bomb that will blow up the hidden conspiracy of the one party dictating government that is putting over 300 million dollars into movie production or about to hold the Olympics.
The press murmurs.
(Smiling) We’d like to say in advance that no matter what happens, ANNE and I do not plan on committing suicide.
If we are found dead with a gun in our mouths or jumped off a building, that is not suicide. Please assume that we were killed and do an investigation on us.
The press people laugh and murmur.
We’re serious about this.
You all are our bodyguards that insure
Everyone becomes quiet.
S-30 Outside the Press Conference
ANNE, DAN, and staff walk out of the press room. FORELY and a Chinese man are waiting for them and stand in their way.
So it seems like you’re going to seriously claim that the Nanking Massacre never happened.
We haven’t decided on that yet. The truth is what’s important.
We believe so too. We should reflect on history and think about the future. Don’t you agree?
Yes, that’s why we don’t forget about a certain one party ruled government that after World War Two joined other wars like the Tibet invasion and the Korean War. They killed at least 40 million of their own people. What do you think about the Tiananmen Square Massacre or the Tibetian Massacre?
It seems like you have a prejudice against China.
It’s not prejudice. It’s a fact.
(Smiles) You’re trouble. Do you not like the Chinese?
It’s not the Chinese that I don’t like. It’s the one party ruled communist government that never once held a decent election since the country’s founding, that I don’t like.
China is still a developing country and so it takes time to become a democratic country like the U.S. It would be great if you understood.
I can’t understand a government that doesn’t feel shame in killing millions of its own people. The killing is continuing in Uigher and Tibet, as we speak.
It seems as though it is useless to debate with you. But if our country was slandered and criticized as it was just now, we have a right to oppose.
Of course. This is a free country.
We clearly demand
You clearly demand?
Yes. We, as Chinese Americans living the the U.S., demand the participation in the Nanking International Historical Full Court Session that you will be holding. We believe we have the right and obligation to do so.
(Is a bit surprised but says) I don’t know about that. Putting into account what you’ve been doing in the past, I’m worried that you’ll just disrupt our court session.
We don’t plan on doing that. We also would like the American peole to know the truth about Nanking. We strongly request our participation as prosecutor. This is our right as we have been criticized.
The country you’re defending is one that you can’t even claim what you’re saying now. FORELY, I will make it clear that I am refusing your offer. I don’t want to be a part of your political propaganda. The U.S. is a country of freedom of speech. Why don’t you hold your own Historical Trial for Nanking? Actually, why don’t you hold a massacre trial for Tiananmen or Tibet?
(Puts his hand softly on DAN’s shoulder)
Are you running away?
Get your hands off me. I’m not interested in going to court, but if it’s a fight you’re looking for, I’m all in.
DAN, stop! Ms. Kim, right? We’ll think about it and get back to you.
I’m not going to agree.
You seem like the only one with some sense. Convince him OK?
FORELY and the Chinese man go away.
DAN laughs and shrugs his shoulders.
(Calmly) I provoked her on purpose
We’re in serious trouble…
(Laughes…)S-31 Location where there’s a tunnel, a bridge, and a river Anne runs as fast as she can through the tunnel. There’s a car chasing her with extreme speed. For some reason the car is in flames and is going after her. Anne runs away desperately for her life. The lights on the car turn on. Anne runs out of the tunnel and jumps to the side. The car jumps out of the tunnel and plunges into the river. Anne shoots the car with a huge revolver (It’s the same revolver that Iris shot herself with. A Ruger Old Army .45) The car blows up in flames. We hear the director’s voice “Cut! OK!!”
We’ll now go into a lunch break. Shooting will resume at 14:15. From Scene 36! We’re now going into our lunch break!
ANNE has her sweat removed from her face by her make-up artist while regaining her breath.
The staff starts putting things away and moves away from the shooting site.
Some of the lights in the tunnel go off.
The producer RALPH comes near ANNE.
How was I RALPH?
Excellent! It’s going to be a high-rating supense drama.
What rating will the producer be giving?
An A plus plus! A perfect score.
Yeah! (To the make-up artist) thank you. It’s OK now. (In RALPH’s ear) And what’s my score as a lover?
Impossible to rate
(Starts laughing) Why? Did I fail?
ANNE, I need to talk to you.
Really? (Senses something but pretends to be cheery). Let’s eat lunch first. We have 3 hours of break so let’s go to a sushi bar. I’m starving so I can probably eat about 30 pieces!
(With a confused look) Anne I need to talk to you first.
What is it? If it’s something good, I want to hear it before lunch. If it’s bad, I want to hear it after.
It’s not so good…but I want to tell you beforehand.
(Takes a deep breath) OK. What is it?
In the next episode, the plane you’re flying in will crash, and you’re going to die.
…! (Is surprised but pretends to be calm) So it means that I’m going to be put off the drama.
Anne…(Worried about the people around him)
S-32 At a balcony and a pool
(Something like Mera’s house)
A huge mansion in front of the ocean (RALPH’s house)
ANNE is standing on the edge of the pool and watching the ocean beneath her. We see her from the back.
What are you thinking about?
Iris was really lonely. There was no one to protect her.
Are you talking about me?
You thought so too?
I protected you. As much as I could. Even now.
Yes…(Looks back) but you didn’t quit with me.
ANNE…Don’t be unreasonable.
Is someone pressuring you?
No one’s pressuring me.
RALPH, I’m not asking you as an actress. I’m asking you as your girlfriend.
ANNE, I have a proposal.
ANNE, you’re an actress. Can you concentrate on this drama only?
If you can do this, I’ll talk to them again. I won’t let them put you off the show.
RALPH, your words are depressing me. But thank you. I’m grateful to you.
ANNE turns back towards the ocean, puts both her arms up, and jumps into the pool as if falling.
RALPH runs towards the pool.
ANNE sinks into the water face up, like Ophelia.
ANNE! What happened?
You didn’t jump in with me. Just as I thought…
Anne swims off with a backstroke.
S-33 Inside the office The staff is busy getting ready for their overseas shooting. On the white board are the schedules for the Japan and China shooting, and a staff chart.
ANNE walks in from the hall way outside.
She goes into DAN’s producer room and walks through staff who are editing or doing other work on her way.
＊ ＊ ＊ ＊
DAN is discussing with his production staff (JANE and ANDY).
ANNE comes in, greets them, and sits in a chair.
ANNE, this morning two large sponsors came and declined their sponsorship. They say that their advertising budget was cut, but their real reason is that they do business with China and they don’t want a documentary saying that the Nanking Massacre did not exist.
Even in Japan it seems like the government is ordering self regulations on anti China movies and TV programs.
Which sponsors are these?
(Whistles) A Japanese auto company and a household electronics company.
It’s about the honor of their country. Don’t they have any patriotism?
Money is probably more important than honor. The Japanese today would throw away their honor for money. That’s why people accuse them of rape and murder. Even though it’s supposed to be the country of the Samurai.
(Without much energy) It’s hard to believe that they are the descendants of the Kamikazes.
I guess we’re the only last Samurais (pretends to do hara-kiri)TONY, the technical staff, enters.
DAN, we’re all ready for the overseas shooting starting from tomorrow.
Thanks. We have to get up early tomorrow so go get some rest.
(Is about to go)…everyone in the China group is pretty scared and worried that they might be caught.
Don’t worry. We won’t be caught. We applied as a Nanking tourist program so if we’re asked, we’ll just stick to that claim. As long as we follow the law, we’re okay.
TONY, be careful of girls. It’s a honey trap over there.
Everyone’s saying that DAN is the one who should be most careful!
TONY laughs and walks out. JANE and ANDY walk out too.
Is this true?
Absolutely! If there are no women in the world, there’s no reason to live! (Laughs and denies it) It’s TONY’s joke. Actually, it’s you that should be careful. It’s your first time in Japan right?
Yes but Japan is safe and it’s the same democratic country, right?
But it’s also spy heaven. There is no anti spy law and recently there are a lot of Chinese in the country. Japan is said to be the least patriotic country in the world. It’s said that there are countless number of Japanese spies who would sell their home country. It’s dangerous if you’re too much at ease. (Notices something). ANNE, what’s wrong?
Nothing. By the way, what should we do about the trial? Maybe we should have them participate?
ANNE, these are propaganda professionals.
The fact that 12 Nanking Massacre movies are being made this year, the army comfort women issue that came up a while ago, these are all caused by propaganda experts moving in a systematic and strategic way. Our actions must have been something unexpected to them. That’s why they’re so nervous and scared of us.
So they’re going to destroy the Nanking trial no matter what it takes?
Yes. I think it’s best to just have us at the trial and investigate the historical facts objectively. I can’t imagine what they’d do to us if they participated.
So I guess we’re the biggest pain in the neck in the world to them.
Yes. (Looks at ANNE) …
… (Looks away)
… ANNE, did something happen?
…S-34 Road in front of ANNE’s house DAN’s car comes up and stops. ANNE is sitting in the passenger seat.S-35 Inside the car ANNE and Dan still in the car not wanting to separate.
You fought well
You did your best. You were a great, courageous partner.
DAN, don’t refer to me in past tense.
I can’t kill your talent and career as an actress.
DAN, what are you saying?
ANNE, you should retire from the team.
DAN! I don’t want to! I’m going to continue!!
You should return to your real career as an actress. You sacrificed everything to get this project going. We came this far because of you. But now it’s O.K. So…
DAN…Don’t be nice to me. Please!
Don’t be nice to me.
If you’re nice to me, I become a weak person. DAN, I participated in this project because I really wanted to.
But to tell you the truth, up to this very point, I was still having second thoughts. I’m sorry. But because you were so kind to me…I can no longer leave this project. I’ve made up my mind. No matter what happens, we’re still going to be partners!
(Nods) and the strongest!
Their faces naturally close in, and they kiss.
＊ ＊ ＊
A Chinese man watches them from inside a car parked a little distance away. Takes a picture with his camera.S-36 An Airplane that flies out of LAX. An airplane takes off of LAX (a tie up cut)S-37 Scene of the Imperial Palace Scenery of the Imperial palace and the buildings Super impose “Tokyo, Japan” S-38 Yasukuni Shrine
ANNE, her staff, NAGOSHI, and his Japanese staff enter from the big shrine gate.
The two pray at the shrine.
ANNE and Professor Higashinakano meet in front of Yasukuni Kaikan.
S-39 Inside Yushukan
Professor Higashinakano shows them around the building.
He explains about the Nanking Massacre not taking place.
He explains that he was sued by China and there was a trial in absentia and he is demanded a compensation for defamation. They watch a record film inside the Yasukuni Shrine (Japan Conference’s Asia no Akebono)
S-40 Meiji Shrine
Walking around Meiji Shrine.
ANNE prays at the shrine.
Meeting Mr. Inagaki, the head of Shiseikan, who performs a sword demonstration for ANNE.
Interview with Mr. Inagaki.
Talks about Bushi-do.
He tells us that because of Bushi-do’s view on life and death, it is impossible for the Nanking Massacre to have taken place.
S-42 A room and a hallway in a hotel in the city.
ANNE comes back from her interviews.
She’s about to open the door when she senses someone.
She quietly unlocks the door and peers in.
The TV is on in a dark room.
A film of ANNE doing her interviews in the afternoon is shown on TV.
ANNE’s smile shows up on TV.
Then a middle aged woman appears on TV and waves at her.
S-43 Bullet train
A bullet train swifts by.
S-44 Atami Kouakannon
The head priest of Kouakannon welcomes ANNE with a hand drum.
ANNE prays in front of the Kouakannon statue.
The head priest talks about the personality of General MATSUI.
Two seniors talk about the Nanking testimony having the ocean in their background.
S-45 The Gotenba wildland where Mt. Fuji can be seen.
Anne, Nagoshi, and the Japanese staff experiment and investigate the validity of fake photographs by reproducing the exact same situation and checking out the composite pictures, direction of light, fake uniforms, etc…This is all filmed.
ANNE’s cell phone rings.
Hello? Yes it’s me. TONY, where are you now? Nanking? How are you? What!? DAN’s what!? …arrested? why? …what…?
S-46 In the car. Highway where Odaiba can be seen.
The bus with the crew and the equipment truck rushes by.
ANNE is on her cell phone and the staff is listening.
TONY, is the embassy going to do something about this? Can they bail him out? …I see…Okay. Keep Robin there as a point of contact and the rest of you come back. Yes. Let’s meet in L.A. Yes, we’re all heading towards the airport right now. I think we’ll arrive at LAX in about 15 hours. Okay, bye. (Hangs up)
So how’s DAN?
(Shakes her head) He’s arrested for illegal possession of drugs and child prostitution.
Everyone is surprised.
That’s impossible.DAN isn’t a guy who’d do these things.
It seems like the impossible happens in that country. Drugs were found in DAN’s room and they have pictures and images of him doing child prostitution. He was probably set up.
How about the embassy?
They said that if it was something political like a spy accusation, they could protest strongly, but if it’s something like drugs or prostitution, it’s hard for them to move. It seems like they were shown embarrassing pictures of DAN from the Chinese police.
What are we going to do?
I’m going to go back and start moving to try to save DAN. NAGOSHI, please finish up the shooting left in Japan.
S-47 Los Angeles Buildings and Highway
Scenery (arial shot?)
S-48 In front of DAN’s production building
The staff’s car pulls up and ANNE and staff get out of the car and go into the building.
There’s a car parked on the opposide side of the road.
A Chinese man is watching and calls someone on his cell phone.
S-49 Inside the production building
ANNE, the Japan staff, and the China staff are talking.
Someone must have put the drugs inside his jacket pocket. Hotel employees and Chinese staff have been going in and out…anyways the drugs were found in his jacket and he was arrested.
What do you mean they were found? Did the police barge into his room?
Yeah. The police came in because they had accusations of child prostitution, and found the drugs when they barged in.
Why was he accused of child prostitution in the first place?
I don’t know…after our shooting we had dinner with the Chinese staff, drank alcohol, kept on doing cheers and continued drinking, and then…
S-50 TONY’s recollection
Inside TONY’s hotel room in China
TONY comes back to his room tipsy, and falls into his bed and falls asleep without even changing
That night, everyone fell asleep in their beds without even changing.
＊ ＊ ＊ ＊
Suddenly you hear a loud knock on the door and a bright light flashes onto TONY’s face.
A girl’s scream can be heard.
TONY opens his sleepy eyes.
For some reason there is a Chinese girl inside his arms
(Surprised and screams)
There is a camera flash and TONY has no idea what is going on, and he is naked.
DAN was in the same situation as everyone else but in his case the police investigated his room and found the drugs.
S-51 DAN’s office
TONY is talking
Yes of course I don’t remember doing any prostitution (looks around) right?
It’s exactly as TONY said it.There was a naked woman sleeping beside me (laughs). And you all know I’m not interested in women.
They probably put sleeping drugs in the drinks.
Pictures were taken and we were just deported but DAN was captured because of the drugs. I didn’t know they’d go that far. The room was probably tapped as well.
When do they plan to release DAN?
The embassy told us that they didn’t know. Drugs won’t gain any sympathy even in the States.
What are we going to do now?
We’re going to continue our shooting. We’re not going to give up because of this. DAN probably wouldn’t have wanted us to stop as well.
That’s right. He even left a message with the embassy staff to tell us not to give up and continue our filming.
Our enemies are trying to sue DAN like they did professor Higashinakano and stop the production of our documentary. They may even kill DAN making it look as though he commited suicide or of sickness using drugs. Anyways, let’s think of a way to rescue DAN as soon as possible… no matter what it takes.
Hello, Nanking project…ANNE, there’s a phone call for you. It’s FORELY Kim, that Chinese woman.
Tell her I’m in a meeting
ANNE is currently in a …yes…(covering the speaker) she said that you’d probably refuse but told me to tell you that it’s about DAN and that it’s important.
…(Picks up the phone)
S-53 In front of a restaurant in China Town in L.A.
ANNE comes by taxi and goes inside the restaurant located in China town.
S-54 Inside the restaurant
FORELY Kim is sitting at a table and ANNE is being body checked by another Chinese woman.
Sorry about that Ms. Kinskey. It’s going to be an unofficial conversation so I don’t want you recording this.
The Chinese woman finds a small IC recorder in ANNE’s pocket.
I’ll return it to you later (signals the Chinese lady). You’re very well grounded and mature. That’s why I can talk to you without playing games
ANNE sits opposite FORELY without saying a word.
The two face and look at each other.
What happened is terrible. I’m worried as well.
It’s a dirty way to do things.
(Slants her head) Ms. Anna Kinskey, reality is what’s important here. It’s fact that he was arrested for possession of drugs and conduct of prostitution. And there is also evidence to prove it. This is reality
It’s all false. Just like the Nanking Incident. You turn things that we didn’t even do and make it seem like something we did. (Breathes in and tries to be as calm as possible) So, what do you want to say to me? Why did you call me?
As a fellow American, I am worried about DAN and I want him to be free. So, I called up one of our routes and asked them.
(Slowly) We know people who have power over there. So… (Stops)
It’s unofficial but they said that if our group wishes to do so, then considering the friendship between China and the U.S., they will consider letting him go.
But there is a condition
What’s the condition?
To cancel the Nanking International Historical Full Court Session you’re planning to hold.
How about it? The Chinese governmentand the people are really angry. Your acts are destroying the friendly relation between China and the U.S. They’re serious. They want you to prove it by acting for the release of DAN and for the development of the friendship between China and the U.S.
(Stares at FORELY)
How about it?
I refuse. I will never cancel this event. If I do so, it will mean betraying DAN.
Stares at ANNE
The two glare at each other for some time
Suddenly FORELY takes a deep sigh and starts laughing
I thought you’d say that.
I thought I’d say that too. (Smiles) What do you really want from me?
Okay. Let’s cut to the chase. This is the real deal. No games. We want you to have our representative be the prosecutor and allow us to participate in the Nanking International Historical Full Court Session, in order to make it fair and square. And…
There’s still more?
Of course. Of the three judges, one will have to be a judge that understands our postion. The presiding judge will have to be neutral and has to have our approval.
…! (Glares but tries to be calm) you are a dirty person. You think we can have a fair trial when DAN is captured and we’re threatened?
Ms. ANNE Kinskey. I am from Chinese decent but as an American citizen, I will promise to support a trial that is as fair as possible. ANNE, please don’t get me wrong. We are your best friends. We’re just worried about him. That’s all. It’s up to you. This is your chance. It’s up to you whether you want to take this chance or not.
The two glare at each other for a while.
S-55 In front of the building of “Nanking International Historical Full Court Session”
We see a sign that has the words “Nanking International Full Court Session” in both English and Chinese characters
A Chinese American group protesting against the Japanese with banners are making public speeches and passing out flyers.
S-56 Inside the court
The trial is about to start
ANNE, Professor Higashinakano, Professor Takemoto (this could be another person), and TONY sit in the defense seat.
In the Prosecutor’s seat, FORELY Kim, Michael Lee, and a caucasion man sits.
In the defendant’s seat, a large picture is put up and it is a picture of General Iwane MATSUI and his men entering Nanking.
At the judges seat a huge liquid display panel (if possible a 65 – 100 inch) is set.
They lent us that. I’m happy we have this but they are certainly planning to make this a propaganda event.
The baliff declares the opening of the trial
We will now start the Nanking International Historical Full Court Session.
Everyone stands up. The flashes from the press start to flash out at once.
Three judges, who are a Caucasion (The President of the Tribunal, Judge ERICKSON), an African American (O’NEAL), and a Chinese (JIANG JIN PING) judges, walk in.
We gather here today to examine the historical truth regarding the Nanking Massacre, and to find out where the true responsibility lays. This court is not an official one, but as an American citizen, we judges will open this court under the freedom and democracy stated in the United States constitution, with justice and fairness. With the support of the prosecuters, defendants, witnesses, and related parties, we would like to hold a respectable court that does not undermine the pride and honor of the United States of America. To end my opening remarks, I would like to quote Geoge Santanaya’s famous remark “Those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it.” God bless.
S-56 In the court
Prosecution’s opening statement. Prosecution presents evidence
Black background with caption:
Prosecution’s Opening Statement
Start prosecution’s opening statement
As I start my opening statement, I would like to point out that this case is about a holocaust that was forgotten by the world, no, that was intentionally erased from the world after the Second World War.
This incident was tried at the Tokyo Tribunal of War Criminals taking place in Tokyo, and the Nanking War Crimes Tribunal taking place in Nanking, and its commanding officers and the actual perpetrators were sentenced to death and executed.
But for some reason, after the Second World War, the genocide, rape, looting and fire, all shameful hideous attrocities conducted by the Imperial Japanese Army, were hidden from the world, most likely intentionally.
With the late Iris Chang’s The Rape of Nanking, this Holocaust, an atrocity of mankind, was presented to the people of the world once again.
But Japan and most of the Japanese people will not admit to this undeniable fact, they have no remorse or regrets on this holocaust, and continue to be immoral.
We hope that this court will realize Iris Chang’s wishes and prayers, and stimulate the conscience of the Japanese, and make them accept their responsibility and reflect on what they have done, by us providing evidence regarding the truth about this horrible case.
First, in this court, we are able to use the screen over there to show various images of evidence.
The prosecution would like to provide evidence such as various photographs, films, and witnesses to prove the defendant guilty.
There are various opinions and claims regarding the magnitude of the Nanking Massacre.
But this time we would like to base our basic claim on the judgement made at the Tokyo Tribunal of War Criminals and The History of the War against Japan (Committee of China International Strategic Studies, 1995), the latest research report made out of extensive research and investigation. We will especially focus on a portion titled The Nanking Capture by Japanese Army-Occupation and Massacre.
The reason is because it has been published under the supervision of Chi Peng-fei, former deputy premier and foreign minister of the People’s Republic of China. Therefore, the view shown in this can be regarded as the latest official view of the CCP on the ‘Nanking Massacre’. In addition, it has mostly the same claims as stated in The Rape of Nanking written by Iris Chang.
The prosectution’s claim and proof of evidence will be on the following.
1. From the Marco Polo Bridge to the occupation of Nanking, the Japanese army systematically and intentionally started the war to invade China.
2. The Japanese army committed atrocity to its limit and massacred at least 300,000 Nanking civilians.
3. The Japanese army raped 20,000 to 80,000 Nanking civilians, and conducted large scale looting and arson.
4. The Japanese government led by the emperor, had systematically planned the Nanking Masscre.
5. The Japanese government should officially apologize and compensate for their atrocities.
These claims are the wishes of the late Iris Chang who passed away in her early years, and to also answer her wishes, the prosecution will provide evidence for these crimes so that the court can make a judgement that is in alignment with her claims.
S-57 Prosecution presents evidence
Now, the prosecution would like to present evidence regarding the above five items using films and witnesses.
First of all, the war between Japan and China was Japan’s war of invasion, and the Nanking massacre was a result of this.
As evidence, I would like you to see a documentary fillm called The Battle of China produced by an internationally acclaimed American director, Frank Capra.
The Nanking Massacre was conducted as part of the Japanese army’s military invastion plan that started at the Marco Polo Bridge incident on July, 1937.
They planned to have the Chinese lose their will to fight by committing unbelievable atrocities in a large scale and in its cruelty. This was just one incident that occurred in many of PRC’s cities.
This utterly inhumane way of fighting represents Japan’s military invasion or evidence that such plans existed, and this film shows evidence of this. (Signals)
The portion of the Shanghai Attack in the film The Battle of China is shown.
Here, the documentary tells us that the Tanaka Memorial was a document that had on it Japan’s strategy to take over the world.
The film The Battle of China is shown again.
Next, we will show the verdict issued at The International Military Tribunal for the Far East (IMTFE) that was held in Tokyo, as evidence.
Film on the president of the Tribunal, Sir William WEBB, reading out his sentence is shown.
When MATSUI was appointed Commander of the Shanghai Expeditionary forces and left Tokyo for the fighting area, he already had thoughts of pushing on to Nanking after the intended capture of Shanghai. He requested five divisions for the Shanghai Expeditionary Force before leaving Tokyo. Actual preparations for the advance upon China’s capital were made, for he had previously made a study of the topography in the vicinity of Shanghai and Nanking. On 8 October 1937, MATSUI issued a statement in which he said “the devil-defying sharp bayonets were just on the point of being unsheathed so as to develop their divine influence, and that the mission of the Army was to fulfill all its duties of protecting Japanese residents and interests, and to chastise the Nanking Government and the outrageous Chinese.” As the area of hostilities around Shanghai was likely to expand, MATSUI was appointed Commander in Chief of the Central China Expeditionary Forces.
MATSUI issued an order to the effect that as Nanking was the capital of China, its capture was an international event and careful studies should be made so as to dazzle China with Japan’s military glory. The Japanese demand for surrender was ignored by the Chinese Government. Bombardment started and the city fell on 13 December 1937. The Japanese Army that entered Nanking was a newly forced organization, but it was composed of experienced troops. MATSUI made his triumphant entry on 17 December 1937. From 13 December onward, there occurred what has become to be known as the “Rape of Nanking.”
S-58 Defendant presents counter evidence (cross-examination)
Frank Capra is one of the top American directors I admire most, but we can tell that the film has been edited so that the impression and conscious of the viewer could be manipulated. This was conducted under US government policy so that the American people would feel sympathy towards the Ciang Kai-Shek government of China. For example…(Signals)
The screen shows the scene where Shanghai is being bombed.
See? This bombing is actually an indiscriminante air raid conducted by the Ciang Kai-Shek army to Shanghai. This bombing made by the Nationalist party created antipathy from both inside and outside, and since Ethel Roosevelt, who was in Shanghai for site seeing, was staying in the Cathay Hotel of Shanghai which was also bombed, the U.S. warned Song Meiling, wife of Ciang Kai-Shek, who was in the U.S., to immediately stop the bombing. This film is made to look like the Japanese army was the one conducting the air raid. This air rade immediately killed U.S. missionary Dr. Frank Rawlinson, and in the downtown area known as Nan Jing Da Shi Jie alone, the papers tell us that 445 people were killed. (Please take a look at this photograph)
The Japanese news photo of the Shanghai Incident is shown.
The Japanese army only had a naval landing force consisiting of 3000 combattants defending the 30,000 Japanese residents that were located in the Japanese settlement in Shanghai. They were not a heavily equipped force. On contrary, Ciang Kai-Shek had over 100,000 of his superior troops and increased it to 600,000 by the beginning of September. Would an army of 3,000 start a war against an army of 600,000? I am sure you can imagine which army was the one who started the war. Now we will see a film that documents this incident.
The film footage from the Shanghai incident to Nanking is shown.
We will also show the panic of WEBB and the prosecuters at the Tokyo Trial. We will also show various evidence and witnesses that prove that the Shanghai Incident was the conspiracy of the Chinese communist party to get Japan and China to fight against each other so that the Chinese Communist Party, which was almost on the verge of destruction, would be in a favorable position (we will use the Mao documents with Mao Tse-tung’s words to the chair of the Japan socialist party), that General Zhang was a communist spy within the Nationalist Party, and that the Marco Polo Bridge Incident was the conspiracy of the Chinese Communist Party.
S-59 Prosecution presents evidence
Next, we would like to provide evidence regarding the Nanking Massacre which is the central case for this court. After the Japanese Army gained victory over the Nationalist party in Shanghai, they continued to expand their invasion and headed towards the capital, Nanking. The occupation of Nanking can be characterized by the systematic and cruel rape, murder, and torture towards priosnors, civilians, and women along with the large scale indiscrimant destruction of houses and property that goes way beyond military purposes. These atrocities have no comparison in modern wars. This is a film thatcaptures all of this on record.
The Nanking portion of The Battle of China is shown again.
Also, at the Memorial Hall of the Nanking Massacre in China, this film is shown everyday.
Although in bad condition, the documentary film on the Nanking Massacre is shown. (Get a recording from Fuji TV’s documentary, or use the tape from Chugoku no Dogou.)
What the prosecution is about to demonstrate is the charge on numerous atrocities and inhumane acts conducted to civilians. The evidence we will provide proves that the acts of atrocities include those of murder and massacre, torture, rape, looting, arsons, and unlawful destruction. We will observe numourous evidence on film and photographs that prove this.
When LEE signals, brutal photographs and films are shown on the screen. The prosecuter starts speaking while looking at the screen.
A prominent example of the Japanese army’s crime in its occupied territory can be seen on December 13th, 1937, the day after Nanking was occupied.
After all of Nanking was conqured by the Japanese army under the defendant, General MATSUI, and the entire Chinese army stopped their resistance, the frenzy of atrocities and crimes started and continued for forty something days without stopping
The Japanese soldiers conducted these atrocities to take away the willingness to fight from the Chinese citizens forever and this was all conducted under the approval of the generals who led them and the headquarters in Japan.
The details will be made clear with evidence from these photographs and testimonies.
These contain numerous examples of crime including murder and massacre, torture, rape, looting, and illegal destruction.
I will provide evidence by showing the documentary film where Dr. Robert C. WILSON who was a surgeon at the Nanking University hospital testifies at the Tokyo Tribunal.
We will now show you the film which was filmed by John G. MAGEE who also testified at the Tokyo Tribunal. This film supports the testimony made by Dr. Robert C. WILSON.
The testimony of Dr. WILSON at the Tokyo Tribune is shown and the hospital portion of the MAGEE film is edited and shown as well.
Before Nanking fell, there were about 50 patients who were quite sick in the hospital, but within a very few days after the Japanese soldiers entered the city on the morning of the 13th of December, the hospital filled up rapidly with many, many cases of injury to men, women and children of all ages, and of all degrees.
One case that comes to my mind is that of a woman of forty, who was brought to the hospital with the back of her neck having a laceration severing all the muscles of the neck, and leaving the head very precariously balanced. From direct questioning of the patient, and from those who brought her in, there was no doubt in our minds that the work was that of a Japanese soldier.
A man was admitted with a wound through the right shoulder, obviously a bullet wound. He was the only survivor of a large group of men who were taken to the river bank of the Yangtze River and individually shot. The bodies were pushed into the river, and hence the actual number cannot be ascertained. But he feigned death, crept away in the darkness, and came to the hospital. This man’s name was Liang.
Another man was a Chinese policeman and was brought to the hospital with a very deep laceration across the middle of his back. He was the only survivor of a large group taken outside the city wall, that was also first machine-gunned and the wounded were then pierced with bayonets to be sure that they were dead. That man’s name was Wu Chang-de.
A man came into the hospital with a bullet throught his jaw, barely able to talk. About two-thirds of his body was very badly burned. His story, as nearly as we coud make it out, was that he had been seized by Japanese soldiers, shot, covered with gasoline, and set afire. He died two days later. (It is a mystery as to why they would shoot him after he was captured).
Another man was admitted with a very severe burn covering his entire head and shoulders. While still able to talk, he told us that he was the only survivor of a large group who had been bound together, had gasoline sprayed over them, and were set afire.
An old man of sixty was admitted with a bayonet wound in his chest. His story was that he had gone from the refugee zone back into the other part of the city to look for a relative. He met a Japanese soldier who bayoneted him in the chest and threw him in the gutter. He recovered consiousness six hours later and was able to get to the hospital.
Cases like this continued to come in for a matter of some six or seven weeks following the fall of the city on December 13, 1937. The capacity of the hospital was normally one hundred and eighty beds, and this was kept full to overflowing during this entire period.
A little girl of seven or eight had a very serious wound of the elbow, with the elbow joint exposed. Her story to me was that Japanese soldiers had killed her father and mother in front of her eyes, and given her this wound.
A girl of fifteen was brought into the hospital by the reverend John MAGEE, with the story that she had been raped. A medical examination confirmed this. About two months later this girl came again into the hospital with a secondary rash of syphilis.
S-60 Cross-examination from Defendant
States that most of this was hearsay evidence.
S-61 Prosecution presents evidence
Next, is the testimony from John G. MAGEE who shot this documentary film that recorded the hideous massacres conducted. The witness is an American Episcopalian priest who was also a Nanking International Safety Zone Committee member. I would like to show a film that he himself filmed.
MAGEE’s testimony at the Tokyo Tribune is shown
It was unbelievably terrible. The killing began immediately in several ways, often by individual Japanese soldiers or, up to thirty soldiers together going about, with one seeming to have the power of life or death; and then, soon, there was organized killing of great bodies of men. Soon there were bodies of men lying everywhere, and I passed columns of men being taken out to be killed. These people were being killed by rifle fire and machine gun principally. Also, we knew of groups of several hundred being bayoneted to death. One woman told me that her husband’s hands were tied in front of her, and he was thrown into a pond, and she stayed there, and they wouldn’t let her rescue him. He was drowned before her face.
On December 14, our school cook’s boy was taken off with a hundred other men down, outside the city walls near the railroad tracks. He told me that they were divided into two groups of about fifty each, their hands were bound in front of them, and they began killing them in front. He was in the back, and – a fifteen year old boy he was, and he was gnawing frantically at the ropes around his wrists and finally got them released and slipped into a culvert or a dugout or a drain underneath the railroad track. He escaped back about thirty-eight hours or more later, telling us the story. That was the first proof we had of what was happening to these groups of men that first were being taken off.
On that same evening or the next evening, I don’t know which, I passed two long columns of Chinese all tied up with their hands in front of them, four by four. I should say that, the very least, there were a thousand men in these two columns, or there may have been closer to two thousand. (Insert MAGEE’s film on groups of men being taken off).
I do not remember seeing a single Chinese soldier in the group. At least, they were all in civilian clothes. The wounded began to filter back into the mission hospital. A man would often be shot or bayoneted, would faint – would feign death and would get back to us, and we got authentic information as to what was happening to these columns of people that were being constantly taken out in those early days.
On December 16, they came to a refugee camp that I know very well because it was one of my Christian congregations and took out fourteen men from that congregation, including the fifteen year old boy of the Chinese pastor. Four days later, one member of that fourteen, a coolie, came back to tell us the fate of the others. They had been gathered together with about a thousand men and marched to the bank of the Yangtze river and there mowed down with cross-fire machine guns from either end. This man threw himself a split second before the bullets got him and was untouched. The bodies of those about him fell over him, and he lay there until it was dark, under this cover, and was able to make his escape.
On the next day I took – I saw – I was with three other foreigners – two Russians and my colleague. We were standing on the balcony of the house and saw a man killed. A Chinese was walking along the street before this house; two Japanese soldiers called to him, and he was so frightened; he was trying to get away. He hastened his pace, was trying to get around a corner in a bamboo fence, hoping there was an opening, but there was no opening. The soldiers walked in front of him and couldn’t have stood more than five yards in front of him, and both of them shot him in the face – killed him.
I could not possibly have gotten out of the city gate was I not with Vice Consul TANAKA. We turned onto an alley to take a short cut, but soon ran into so many bodies that the car had to back out of the alley, as we couldn’t possible get through without driving over so many bodies.
We went on down to the Bund, near a company, and he – while he went in there with his Japanese policeman, I got out of the car and walked to the river side of the Bund, where I could see down below me, and there I saw three hundred to five hundred bodies. The clothing was burned off these bodies, and many of them were charred. Evidently, they had been set on fire.
On December 21st, Vice-Consul TANAKA told me that the bad division then in Nanking would be changed foRAABEtter one and that he thought by December 24th everything would be settled; but by December 25th and after that there was no apparent betterment.
On the 22nd of December I took moving pictures of a group of about sixty to seventy Chinese men being gathered on a road – on Shanghai Road it was – and there the picture shows an old woman of about 60 – 70 years old in the streets before the Japanese, begging for the release of their menfolk. (These pictures were not handed in to the court as evidence by the prosecution)
The action of the Japanese soldiers toward the women and children in the City of Nanking after they were in occupation of that city was unbelievably terrible. The rapings continued day by day. Many women were killed and even children. If a woman resisted or refused, she was either killed or stabbed. I took pictures and moving pictures of these. (Again, these pictures and moving pictures were not handed in as evidence by the prosecution)
One evening I was called to a house where a Japanese soldier had come at four-thirty in the afternoon. He was trying to rape the man’s wife and this owner, the husband, helped her to escape out of a door the Japanese soldier didn’t know was in the back of the house.
The Japanese soldier was unarmed when he first came. He went away and came back armed and killed the woman’s husband. The woman took me out in back of the house where the husband’s body was.
The first case of rape that I personally ran into was among the very first nights. A woman stopped me and my colleague on the street and begged us to save her life. It was in the dark. This woman said her story. She had been taken from her husband at six o’clock that afternoon and taken in a motor car for three or four miles where three Japanese soldiers raped her. They sent her back to within about a mile of her house and she got out very near to where we were going; and just as the Japanese soldier called to her, she either saw us or heard us and rushed up to us and asked us to save her, which we did.
On December 18th, I went with Mr. Sperling, a member of our Committee, to the residential section of the city. It seemed to us that there were soldiers in every house after women. We went into one house. On the ground floor a woman was weeping, she had been raped. She said there was still another Japanese soldier in the house on the third floor. We went up there and tried to get into the room that was indicated. The door was locked. We pounded on the door and shouted. In a short while, a Japanese soldier came out leaving two women inside.
On December 20th I was called to a house where they told me a little girl of ten or eleven had been raped. I took her to the hospital. When I returned from the hospital, I was called to another house, drove out three Japanese in the woman’s quarters on the second floor; and then the Chinese there pointed to a room. I rushed into the room, bursting open the door and found a soldier – a Japanese soldier – in the act of rape. I drove him out of the room, completely out of the house and out of the alley where the house was.
There were many other cases of this kind. There was one of our biggest problems – all of us foreigners’. We couldn’t do anything about keeping them from taking off men, but we could prevent them from raping these women.
On New Year’s Day when I was having a meal with Forster two of our Chinese came running to say that there were Japanese soldiers in there after the girls. We were not in time to save two girls from rape. One woman was about thirty, and the other was a young girl. The thirty year old woman told me that she was in a room with the young girl and that when the Japanese soldier came in, she knelt before him, begging him to leave the girl alone. He hit her over the head with the flat side of a bayonet and raped the girl.
Herr RAABE, the Chairman of our Safety Zone Committee, had taken in many Chinese woman, two or three hundred into his own yard where they put up little huts. This day when he got home with this Japanese officer, they saw a soldier in the actual act of raping a woman in one of these huts. All the Japanese officer did was to slap the Japanese soldier’s face and Herr RAABE was utterly disgusted and came and told the other members of the Committee.
On January 30th we had to deal with a new crisis because the Japanese came to us and were trying to force us to send the women back home from our Safety Zone. We decided to make a showing of compliance because we were afraid the whole Safety Zone would be disbanded by force and so we advised the older women to go home but we kept the youger girls under our protection. We began to hear stories immediately of these women, who some of us got to know in the Safety Zone, — rapings began again with the women who went back.
When I went to a house in the South City, a woman was weeping. She told me the Japanese soldiers had killed her husband. I went to the back of the house where lived the owners of the house, a widow in her forties, a twelve year old daughter and her old seventy-seven year old mother. They told me their story.
This widow, when the Japanese first entered, had been raped repeatedly. Then they decided to try to escape to our Safety Zone. On their way, as they were going along the street in the dark, the woman got separated from her old mother. The widow, after returning to her home from the safety of Gingling College, told us that her mother told her that she had been taken into a house on the way and raped between seventeen and eighteen times.
A Bible woman, that is, a Christian woman evangelist, told me she was living with an old woman, an eighty year old Chinese – that means she is seventy-eight or seventy-nine years old. A Japanese soldier came to her house, called out the old woman to the door, and then made motions for her to open her clothing. The old woman said, “I am too old,” and the soldier shot her dead.
It was the year of 1938. When we got inside the south gate, the people told us that about five hundred Chinese people had been killed. I went into a house and was shown around by an old grandmother and told us that a lot of children were killed and only two children escaped. A little girl of about eight or possibley nine told me the story, who had been through the whole thing and was stabbed in the back twice. I photographed the wounds in her back which had healed at that time. (This photograph was also not handed in as evidence by the prosecutors.)
The Japanese soldiers took from the people anything that struck their fancy: wristwatches, fountain pens, money, clothing, food. I took to the hospital in those first few days of occupation a half-witted woman of forty-one who was stabbed in the neck because she grabbed at some bedding that a Japanese soldier was taking away from her. Japanese soldiers paid absolutely no attention to their own consular notices about foreign property or to the American Embassy notices about foreign property.
On December 21, practically all the foreigners in the city signed a petition to the Japanese authorities and took it in person to the Japanese Embassy, beseeching them in the name of humanity to stop the senseless burning of the homes of the people. The burning continued day by day. One of our own Episcopal Church Mission was partly burned on January 26. The Christian Disciples Mission was burned – one of their school buildings was burned, the YMCA, the Russian Embassy, and a great many homes of the people outside of our Safety Zone were burned. The actions of the Japanese soldiers began to taper off after about six weeks although many things happened – individual things happend after that.
S-62 Cross-examination from Defendant
Mr. RAABE, Chairman of the International Committee for the Nanking Safety Zone and Mr. Louis SMYTHE, the Secretary of that Committee made daily reports to the Japanese Embassy to tell of individual cases of outrage. In his testimony, as with Wilson’s, he presents statements coming from the only surviving victim from a murder site conducted by Japanese soldiers.
The defense, Captain Brooks who represented the defendant Kuniaki Koiso, cross examined the witness MAGEE from various angles. During his cross examination, he asked MAGEE of how many of these acts of murder or unlawfulness did he personally witness, and MAGEE answered as follows.
I thought I made that clear in my testimony. I only personally witnessed the killing of one man. I told in my testimony of the one man I saw actually in the act of rape. Then I told of driving off two soldiers that were on the bed of a fifteen year old girl. I remember, as I said, of the robbing of those electric iceboxes; I saw that in the process of being done.
With this testimony, it was made clear that apart from the one murder, two rapes, and one robbery mentioned above, the rest of his entire detailed two day testimony on the atrocities of the Japanese Army was based on hearsay evidence.
The Nanking portion of The Battle of China is shown.
(The scene changes and is now showing the Nanking portion) This is supposed to be Nanking, but who are these people? These are British soldiers. This is footage of Shanghai and not Nanking. The bombings are also those conducted by Chiang Kai-shek. All these lies are shown in this film. When the Japanese army arrived near Nanking, before they started attacking, they requested the Nationalist army to surrender, but General Kang Sheng Zhi refused and ordered complete resistance. General Kang Sheng Zhi had already ordered the 200,000 citizens to move to the safety zone in Nanking and this was implemented so everyone was in the safety zone and therefore there were hardly any civilians left in the city.
In Nanking, an International Safety Zone Committee was created from foreigners such as Americans and Germans. This committee wrote a letter of appreciation to the Japanese army because they had not attacked the safety zone. And according to the committee’s announcement, there were 200,000 citizens before the occupation, and a month after Japan’s occupation, there were 250,000. This is an official record of the International Safety Zone Committee.
More than 300,000 were killed and the population grew? Did the Chinese go back to Nanking with glee when they heard that there was a massacre going on? Did they gather there? We will show filmed evidence of this incident.
Nanking, the documentary film that the Toho crew of Japan had taken, is shown on the screen
(Over the screen) This is a film shot the day after the Japanese army occupied Nanking.
We got this in Japan. Unlike the shooting material for The Battle of China, this film has information on when, where, who and what they shot. This is an A-class primary source. Please compare the two.
It is completely the opposite and different from The Battle of China film or what Iris Chan wrote in her book The Rape of Nanking. If Nanking was exactly as it appears here in this film, then the Nanking Massacre becomes the biggest lie in history.
The Japanese film crew who shot this film went into Nanking right after its occupation.
Even if we discount the fact that this film was made as a promotional film for the Japanese, it is interesting to see that if the Nanking Massacre and rape did in fact take place, there should be at least some evidence or sign showing this, but there is in fact no sign of evidence of it taking place at all. In fact, the question of whether the genocide actually did take place or not keeps coming up in my mind. Please look at the expressions on the faces of the many Nanking civilians.
If it is one person this may be possible, but I don’t think that a large number of citizens like this could be forced to show such great acting skills.
Look at the expression on the faces of the children who play with fire crackers at the road in front of the Japanese Army command center.
Is this the expression of chidren caught in the middle of a genocide? If they were actors, they would be internationally acclaimed super child actors.
So, which historical fact do you all believe in? Both are propaganda films made for the people of their respective countries. The film made by Frank Capra who we all respect? Or will it be the Japanese film that was made from a movie company from a country we hate, Japan? Of course, Frank Capra’s film! (Smiles) I’d like to say so too, but unfortunately not in this case. Our research tells us that the material for this Japanese propaganda film tells us clearly when, where, who and what is shot, and is an A-class primary source. But the film Capra created had been made by putting together bits and pieces of random atrocity films where we don’t know anything about who, what, or where it was filmed. It has been nicely edited with caption and narration so that it would look like evidence that the Japanese Army did conduct a massacre and that they did conduct systematic rape.
S-63 Prosecution presents evidence (Testimony of BATES)
Next, the prosecution will submit the testimony regarding the Nanking Massacre made by Mr. Miner Searle BATES at the Tokyo Tribunal. The witness is an American and a professor of history at the University of Nanking and also a member of the International Committee for the Nanking Safety Zone. He will first testify on the purpose of establishing this committee and its activities. (Signals)
The film on BATES’testimony is shown on the screen.
This committee was set up in the last days of November, 1937, anticipating the attack of the Japanese Army upon Nanking.
The chairman was a distinguished German merchant, Mr. John RAABE, and the secretary of this committee was Professor Lewis Smith, a professor at the University of Nanking. This committee was assisted to get in touch with the Chinese and Japanese commanding officers through the communications and good officers of the American, German, and British embassies. The purpose was to provide a refuge in a small, nob-combatant zone where civilians might escape the dangers of the fighting and actual attack.
The committee expected that its chief duties would be to provide housing and if necessary some food during a period of a few days or possibly of a few weeks when the city was under siege and when Chinese civilian authority might have disappeared but Japanese military authority would not yet have been established.
The actual event was very different, because the Japanese attack and seizure of the city was swift. But then the troubles began. The treatment of civilians was so bad that the chairman and secretary of the committee went regularly to any Japanese officials who could be reached and soon began to prepare daily reports of the serious injuries to civilians that occurred within the safety zone. Over a period of several weeks a total of several hundred cases, many of them compound cases, involving groups and large numbers of individuals, were thus reported in writing and orally to Japanese officials. They were later published under the editorship of Professor Shu-hsi Hsu, of Nanking University in the year 1939 to 1940.
Now, we will submit BATES’s testimony when he answers the prosecution’s questions regarding the conducts of the Japanese soldiers in Nanking.
BATES’ testimony is shown on the screen again.
After the Japanese were in control of the city of Nanking, I, myself, observed a whole series of shootings of individual civilians without any provocation or apparent reason whatsoever; that one Chinese was taken from my own house and killed. From my next door neighbor’s house two men, who rose up in anxiety when soldiers seized and raped their wives, were taken, shot at the edge of the pond by my house, and thrown into it. The bodies of civilians lay on the streets and alleys in the vicinity of my own house for many days after the Japnese entry. The total spread of this killing was so extensive that no one can give a complete picture of it. We can only say that we did our best to find out, in checking up carefully upon the safety zone and adjoining areas.
Professor SMYTHE and I concluded, as a result of our investigations and observations and checking of burials, that twelve thousand civilians, men, women and children, were killed inside the walls within our own sure knowledge. There were many others killed within the city outside our knowledge whose numbers we have no way of checking, and also there were large numbers killed immediately outside the city, of civilians. This is quite apart from the killing of tens of thousands of men who were Chinese soldiers or had been Chinese soldiers.
Large parties of Chinese soldiers laid down their arms, surrendered, immediately outside the walls of the city and there, within the first seventy two hours, were cut down by machine gun fire, mostly upon the bank of the Yangtze River.
We of the international Committee hired laborers to carry out the burials of more than thirty thousand of these soldiers. That was done as a work relief project inspected and directed by us. The number of bodies carried away in the river, and the number of bodies buried in other ways, we cannot count.
Within the safety zone a very serious problem was caused by the fact that the Japanese officers expected to find within the city a very large number of Chinese soldiers. When they did not discover the soldiers, they insisted that they were in hiding within the zone and that we were responsible for concealing them.
On that theory, Japanese military officers and non-commissioned officers were sent among the refugees in the safety zone day after day for about three weeks attempting to discover and seize former soldiers. It was their common practice to require all able-bodied men in a certain section of the zone, or in a certain refugee camp, to line up for inspection and then to be seized if they had callouses upon their hands or the marks of wearing a hat showing on the skin of the forehead.
I was present throughout several of these inspections and watched the whole process. It was undoubtedly true that there were some soldiers – former soldiers among these refuges, men who had thrown away their arms and uniforms and secured civilian clothes. It was also clearly true that the majority of the men so accused and seized were ordinary carriers and laborers who had plenty of good reasons for callouses on their hands. The men so accused of having been soldiers were seized, taken away, and, in most cases, shot immediately in large groups at the edges of the city.
In some cases a peculiar form of treachery was practiced to persuade men to admit that they had been soldiers. Japanese officers tried to persuade many Chinese to come forward as voluntary workers for military labor corps. In some cases these Japanese officers urged Chinese men to come forward, saying, “If you have previously been a Chinese soldier, or if you have ever worked as a carrier or laborer in the Chinese Army, that will all now be forgotten and forgiven if you will join this labor corps.” In that way, in one afternoon, two hundred men were secured from the premises of the University of Nanking and were promptly marched away and executed that evening along with other bodies of men secured from oher parts of the safety zone.
The conduct of the Japanese soldiers toward the women in the city of Nanking was one of the rougest and saddest parts of the whole picture. Again, in the homes of my three nearest neighbors, women were raped, including wives of University teachers. On five different occasionas, which I can detail for you if desired, I, myself, came upon soldiers in the act of rape and pulled them away from the women.
The safety zone case reports, to which we have previously referred, and my own records of what occureed among the thirty thousand refugees on the various grounds and in the building of the University of Nanking, hold a total of many hundreds of cases of rape about which exact details were furnished to the Japnese authorities at the time. One month after the occupation, Mr. RAABE, the Chaiman of the International Committee, reported to the German authorities that he and his colleagues believed that not less than twenty thousand cases of rape had occurred. A little earlier I estimated, very much more cautiously and on the basis of the safety zone reports alone, some eight thousand cases.
Every day and every night there were large numbers of diffent gangs of soldiers, usually fifteen or twenty in a group, who went about through the city, chiefly in the safety zone because that’s where all the people were, and went into the houses seeking women. The raping was frequent daytime as well as night and occurred along the roadside in many cases.
On the ground of the Nanking Theological Seminary, under the eyes of one of my own friends, a Chinese woman was raped in rapid succession by seventeen Japanese soldiers. I do not care to repeat the occasional cases of sadistic and abnormal behavior in connection with the raping, but I do want to mention that on the grounds of the University alone a little girl of nine and a grandmother of seventy-six were raped.
In the first days of the occupation the soldiers robbed a great deal regardless of time or place. Practically every building in the city was entered many, many times by these roving gangs of soldiers throughout the first six or seven weeks of the occupation. In some cases the looting was well organized and systematic, using fleets of army trucks under the direction of officers.
After some months a few foreign residents were given the opportunity to recover pianos taken from their own houses, and they were led to a place where more than two hundred pianos were in one storage hall.
The foreign embassies were broken into and suffered robbery, including personal property. Practically all commercial property of any noticeable value was taken.
On the very night of the entry the Japanese forces placed adequate and effective guards upon the Sun Yat-Sen tomb and upon the government and party building. With the exception of one or two minor fires, apparently started by drunken soldiers, there was no burning until the Japanese troops had been in the city five or six days. Beginning, I believe, on the 19th or 20th of December, burning was carried on regularly for six weeks. In some cases the burning followed the looting of a line of stores, but in most instances we could not see any reason or pattern in it. At no time was there a general conflagration, but the definite firing of certain groups of buildings each day.
The Russian Embassy was burned by the Japanese soldiers at the beginning of 1938. The Y.M.C.A. building, two important church buildings, the two chief German commercial properties with the Swastiak flying upon them, were among those burned.
Regarding the conduct of the soldiers in the City of Nanking, on four or five occasions I accompanied Mr. RAABE and Dr. SMYTHE in their interviews with the officials in the Japanese Embassy, who were sent there by the Gaimusho in an effort to provide cushions between this little group of foreign residents and the Japanese military. Futhermore, because the University of Nanking was immediately adjoining the Japanese Embassy, and because it was a very large and important test case of American property with the American flag, and this large number of refugees, it was agreed between Mr. RAABE and myself that I should make supplementary reports on behalf of the University. Almost daily for the first three weeks I went to the Embassy with a typed report or letter covering the preceding day, and frequently had also a conversation with the officials regarding it. These officials were Mr. T. FUKUI, who had the rank of consul, a certain Mr. TANAKA, vice-consul, Mr. Tokuyasu FUKUDA. The latter is now secretary to the Premier YOSHIDA. These men were honestly trying to do what little they could in a very bad situation, but they themselves were terrified by the military and they could do nothing except forward these communications through Shanghai to Tokyo.
In the letter of December 16th I complained of many cases of abduction of women from the University’ properties and of the rape of thirty women in one University building the previous night.
I reported the saying common among the Chinese that where the Japanese Army is, no house or person is safe.
I also reported that for the second time the American flag had been torn down from the American school and trampled by Japanese soldiers.
A caution is made by the President of the Tribunal, WEBB, regarding the questionable testimony of BATES.
Regarding this testimony, WEBB mentions that this testimony was not evidence of any war crime. When BATES stated the same thing using his notes, WEBB commented that he was not refreshing his memory from his notes but was just reading them and cautioned him that the way he was testifying was inappropriate.
We were assured by the civil officials in the Embassy that on several occasions strong orders were sent from Tokyo to restore order in Nanking. We saw no significant results of such orders until the coming of some kind of high military deputation about the fifth or sixth of February. At that time, as slightly indicated in the newspapers and more fuly by foreign diplomats and by a Japanese friend who accompanied the deputation, I learned that a high military officer called together a large body of lower officers and non-commissioned officers, telling them very severly that they must better their conduct for the sake of the name of the Army.
Prior to that time we saw and heard of no instance of effective discipline or penalty inflicted upon soldiers who were seen by high officers in the very act of murder and rape.
The several officers in the Embassy declared that one great reason for difficulty was the small number of military police or gendarmes available which, at the moment of occupation, they declared to be seventeen in number. After, three days after the entry, the civil officials secured from high officers of the genarmerie certain small posters or proclamations to be put up at the entrance to foreign property ordering all soldiers to keep away. Not only did the soldiers daily disregard these proclamations from the gendarmerie headquarters but they also frequently tore them down.
After the direct examination, the defence LOGAN, who represented the defendant KIDO, asked BATES about the reports he said he made to the Japanese authorities and forwarded to Tokyo. The witness stated that he did not know who in Tokyo the report was forwarded to, and that he did not see the actual report that was forwarded to Tokyo by the Japnese authorities, and therefore admitted that regarding this testimony, it was a hearsay testimony.
S-64 Cross-examination from Defendant
What made me change from doubt to certainty regarding the Nanking Massacre not taking place was the old Japanese film I submitted as evidence showing Nanking at the time, and one other critical evidence.
The evidence is a top secret propaganda document that was discoveredy in Taiwan’s National Central Library and discovered by our witness, Professor Shudo Higashinakano of Japan
When I saw this, my doubts became certainty. I believe the number of people in the world, including yourselves, who know about this tape and top secret document, is very limited.
ANNE submits a copy of the document. It is also shown on the screen.
(Points to the copied document) This is a top secret document that was found in the National Central Library in Taipei, Taiwan’s capital.
It is a document called “Top Secret Central Propaganda Bureau International Division Outline of Propaganda Activites 1938 – April, 1941.”
The Nanking Massacre is based on the book What War Means which is said to be based on actual reports and testimonies, and was edited by Harold Timperly who was a reporter for the Manchester Guardian.
But Mr. Timperly was the advisor for the Chinese Ministry of Information and was receiving money from the Nationalist Party.
It is also evident that Professor BATES, who co-wrote What War Means and testified at the Tokyo Tribunal, was also an advisor to the Nationalist Government.
The other author of the book and also a witness at the Tokyo Tribunal, George FITCH, was good friends with Song Meiling, wife of Ciang Kai-Shek。
They were all agents of the Nationalist government.
And John RAABE, International Committee Chair of the Nanking Safety Zone and who is about to be called Nanking’s Schindler in this year’s Nanking related moive, was not only a Nazi member, but also a weapon merchant of Germany’s Siemens AG that was taking care of the German military advisory group. The Chinese government has recently created the John RAABE and International Safety Zone Memorial Hall and has opened it up to the public.
The screen shows the John RAABE and International Safety Zone Memorial Hall
The year after the Japanese army occupied Nanking, John RAABE returns to Germany, and wrote to Hitler regarding the Nanking atrocities that the Japanese army was conducting.
Iris wrote this in her book too, but soon after his return to Germany, RAABE was detained and interrogated by the Gestapo.
He was released by the intervention of Siemens AG, but stopped talking about Nanking thereafter.
Iris writes that Nazi Germany kept him silent because Germany and Japan were going to join a three-party alliance with Italy, but is this really true?
Isn’t it because Nazi Germany found out that John RAABE, a Nazi member, not only worked for the profit of weapon merchant Siemens AG, but also was a double spy for the Nationalist Party?
This isn’t even funny.
These people who had a vested interest with the Chiang Kai-shek government are testifying for the massacre allegedly conducted by the Japanese army.
As our midterm presentation of our investigation, we were going to conclude that one, the Nanking Massacre mostly likely never happened, and second, the propaganda activities were systematically planned and conducted broadly towards the American citizens by the Chiang Kai-shek government to get the U.S. on their side.
But something more dreadful is about to become evident…
This is the fact that the Chinese Communist Party spies were deeply rooted and widely spread within Chiang Kai-shek’s Nationalist Party.
And the propaganda activities have been transitioned and continue to this day aimed towards the American people. We would like to provide a testimony by (someone) as evidence on this matter.
＊ ＊ ＊
S-65 Prosecution presents evidence
Now I would like to present a Chinese testimony by HSU Chuan-Ying, who was living in Nanking at the time and saw what was going on. The witness has graduated from Nanking University and the Universtiy of Illinois, obtained a PhD in literature from the University, and was the Vice chairman of a voluntary association called the Red Swastika Society in Nanking. He was also the Chief of the Housing Commission of the International Committee for the Nanking Safety Zone. Now let us hear his testimony.
HSU Chuan-Ying’s testimony at the Tokyo Tribunal is shown on the screen.
On the day of 13 December 1937, there was no resistance at all in the city. Before that date there was some resistance outside of the city, and on that day all the soldiers left Nanking.
I was connected with the International Committee as the chief of the Housing Commission.
My duty was to look after the accommodations for those who have houses and also those who have not houses in the safety zone. For those who do not have friends or relatives now– it is my duty to find houses for them and put them together. So this number of people amounts to quite a large number. Finally we have twenty-five camps different places for them. These twenty-five camps are under my supervision, and these houses I assigned to them.
Generally speaking – of course, we have no official figures; but generally speaking, there are over two hundred thousand – comes pretty nearly to three hundred thousand people in the safety zone.
The Japanese soldiers entered the city of Nanking from the south side of the city.
The Japanese soldiers, when they entered the city – they were very very rough, and they were very barbarious; They shoot at everyone in sight. Anybody who runs away, or on the street, or hanging around somewhere, or peeking through the door, they shoot them.
On the third day I had the chance of the permission of the Japanese military officers to go around the city – all the cities. I and one Japanese going along with me on the car. The purpose of that is to estimate the number of people lying dead or about to die on the street and in all the houses. I saw the dead bodies lying everywhere, and some of the bodies are very badly mutilated. Some of dead bodies are lying there as they were, shot or killed, some kneeling, some bending, some on their sides, and some just with their legs and arms wide open. It shows that these been done by the Japanese, and I saw several Japanese were doing that at that very moment.
One main street I even started to try to count the number of corpses lying on both sides of the street, and I started to count more than five hundred myself. I say it was no use counting them; I can never do that.
I was at that time on the same car and another Chinese with me. He was educated in Japan, and he speaks Japanese. And we together went to his home, and he found that his brother was also shot in that house and on the step – on the door step, not take him away yet.
No Japnaese soldiers showed any courtesy to any people. I was fortunate because I had on the car a Japanese – a Chinese who can speak Japanese, and many times I was interrupted, and they try to drag me out of the car, and the Japanese on the car help me out because we had permits from them.
All these corpses, not a single one I find in uniform – not a single soldier; they are all civilians, both old and young, and women and children, too. All the soldiers – we do not see any Chinese soldier around in the whole city.
The Saftey Zone Committee – the International Committee has made a rule, no armed soldier or any soldiers – military people – are supposed to be in the military – in the zone, and they would never allow – admit anybody in uniform.
On December 14 in the morning, a high military Japanese soldier came into the headquarters of our International Committee office and I was the one who happened to be there early in the morning, about eight o’clock. There his purpose is want to get permission or talk over – want to make a search of the safety zone. He accused us that there are Chinese soldiers hidden in the safety zone. We all said there were no soldiers – no armed soldiers in the Chinese – in the safety zone, and Mr. RAABE said so, Mr. FITCH, our Director, said so, and we all said so, but the Japanese insist on searching, and they never get our consent of searching the safety zone.
On the following days, with these Japanese military officers – they came with their own will, and go into the camps and also the houses and try to get – to drag people out from our camp and from the houses and accusing them as they are soldiers.
The Japanese soldiers came into the safety zone and searched and took away large number of Chinese civilians in the different camps, in different places.
One day I was with the other member of the Swastika Society, distributing Chinese bread and cakes to those refugees in one of the buildings. When we nearly finish, all of a sudden Japanese soldiers came. Two of them guarded the gate. Several soldiers went in and used ropes and tied the refugee people – the civilians – all civilians – hand in hand – some by some several tens, fifteens, and they took them away. In that compound, in the building, there are about fifteen hundred civilians – refugees – and they are took away in such a manner.
Mr. RAABE, Mr. FITCH, and myself, and another Chinese, who speaks Japanese – we all went immediately to the Special Service Headquarter – the Japanese Special Headquarter. Mr RAABE made the protest He demanded immediate release. The answer we get is they do not know – the Japanese head office, special – head of the Special Service Organization said they don’t know. So we waited there and waited there an hour for them – to enable them to find out where these people go and who took them. We could not find out anything from them. They do not give us any satisfactory answer, and they even promised to give a definite answer before the morning, but they didn’t.
On the following day, about seven and eight o’clock, we hear machine gun. Now, around that place – around the headquarters of the International Committee and also the Swastika Society, we immediately sent people spying around, and we know those – we then, at that time we saw those people were machine-gunned and their corpses were pushed into the pond. Later on, we got those corpses up, and also we recognized a few of them.
After this, we had trouble in every camp. Every day the Japanese soldiers came into the camp and looked for Chinese soldiers in the different camps, sometimes a few tenants, sometimes several tenants, and sometimes hundreds of these refugees – civilians – took away by these Japanese soldiers; and later on we were sure that they were all shot. Their excuse is that these men are soldiers, and also sometimes they simply, but listening to some others say so and so, are soldiers, but in reality they are all civilians, and not a single one even in uniform or armed.
The action of the Japanese soldiers toward women is even worse, and we can never dream of in this civilized world. The Japanese soldiers – they are so fond of raping – so fond of women – that one cannot believe.
I know how the Japanese treated the women in Nanking because in the safety zone in the camps, any Japanese soldier would go in and would try to get a woman or to rape them, I would know about it; they would come to me. So many times I go with Mr. Sperling or another foreigner go with me, and get another soldier.
In one of the camp, the Japanese soldier came with three trucks in one day, and wanted to take all the girls from that camp, and took them to a place where they can rape them. I went – tried to stop them, but no effect. Now these girls, these women, range from thirteen years old up to forty to fifty years old. I see with my very eyes the Japanese soldier raping a woman in a bath room, and his clothes outside, and then afterwards we discovered the bathroom door, and found a woman naked and also weeping and downcast. Once I went with Mr. FUKUDA. At that time he was vice-consul of the Japanese Embassy, now the secretary of the new cabinet in Tokyo (Tokuyasu Fukuda, Secretary to Prime Minister YOSHIDA). Now we went to the camp to try to get – to catch two Japanese who were reported to be living there. I told FUKUDA, “This is the man who did the raping,” Mr. FUKUDA rebuked him, it evidently seems the Japanese soldier there, and also then tried to push the man away, and that Japanese soldier left and afterwards, then, Mr. FUKUDA had a little smile on his face. I gave him a Chinese notebook and asked him to write a notice. I said, “Put up a notice prohibiting these soldiers to come in these camps for women.” He did write that notice, and we pasted it on that camp, but such notice is of no use.
Sin Kai Road, No. 7, on the South Gate, inside of the South Gate there was a family. I went there myself with Mr. MAGEE. In that house there were eleven killed – three raped and two – there were two of the three, one is fourteen and one is seventeen. After raping, they put foreign stuff into the vagina and the grandmother showed me the stuff. The young girl was raped on the table; and whileI was there the blood spilled on the table not all dry yet. And we also see the corpses because they were took away, not far away, only a few yards from that house, all the corpses there. Of those corpses Mr. MAGEE and I took pictures of them because they were naked and shows the crimes there. (This photograph was also not handed in as evidence by the prosecutors.)
I know another case where because of the boatman, he happens to be a member of the Swastiak Society, he told me this: where he saw that too on his boat, it happened on his boat.
At this point of the testimony, WEBB states“The Court will have to consider seriously how far it will have to accept this second-and hearsay.” And the witness HSU continues his testimony based on what he heard from this member of the Swastika Society.
There was a family of respectable people tried to cross the river on that boat. Now, in the middle of the water of the river, two Japanes soldiers came. They found – they want to inspect that boat; where, on seeing the young women there, the young women and the girls there, two of them, so they began, started raping right in the eyes of their parents and one of their husbands.
After raping, the Japanese asked the old man in that family: “Isn’t that good?” Where his son, the husband of one of the young women, he got so angry so he began to beat the Japanese soldier. The old man cannot stand such a thing so he knows that they were all in trouble so he immediately jumped into the river. Then his wife, old wife, the mother of that young man, she began to weep and came out and also followed her husband. I forgot to say that when the Japanese asked the older man whether it is good or not, he wanted the old man to rape that young girl so all the girls – they all jumped into the river. So the whole family jumped into the river and all drowned.
The Red Swastika has made it as a philanthropic work to bury the dead who are really not able to be buried. Now, at this time there are so many dead bodies on the street, nobody to look after. The Japanese also came, Japanese soldiers, Japanese military men came to ask our help, say: “Well, you have been doing this kind of work, why can’t you do it for us?” After we get their permission to do this, they gave us a permit and passports and some facilities to travel in the city, so we started burying them.
We have on our regular staff around two hundred laborers doing this kind of work. We buried over forty-three thousand where the number is really too small. The reason is we are not allowed to give a true number of the people we buried.
These dead bodies are found either by ourselves or reported by the people in the surrounding places or some – many times the Japanese come around, Japanese officers would report to us. These dead bodies are first get out of their places where, if they are in ponds, get them out of the water; if, in buildings also, they will be get out. Now when they are get out, we find they are, most of them, nearly all of them are tied, tied hand in hand. Now, sometimes they use rope, sometimes they use wire. It is our sacred practice to have a dead body all unloosed if it is tied. We want to unloose everything, and bury them one by one. But with these wires, now it is almost impossible to do that. In many cases these bodies already decayed so we would not be able to bury them one by one. All we can do is simply bury them in groups.
You need not go into all those details. The method of disposal of the bodies is hardly helpful.
Japanese soldiers do not respect any property rights or any personal possessions. They enter every house and take away everything they like. They burn the houses and they damage the houses. They destroy the houses.
My own house has been entered many times and a piano in addition to all the valuables and the usefull stuff have been taken away.
Japanese soldiers started burning the Russian Legation Embassy where I saw they poured kerosene oil on that and started the fire. That was on January 1, 1938, at twelve o’clock. Other institutions like Y.M.C.A., educational buildings and prominent citizens’ residences have all been burned.
This all crazy destruction all done after the Japanese been in the city many days.
The Japanese soldiers, especially the guards, they demand bow down to the Japanese very courteously at every place where they are stationed. 1938, my nephew, for the first time he came to see me. As he get down from the train he had his hat on his head and forget, does not know the necessity of bowing to the guard. The Japanese guard hit him on the face. He does not know. He still walks on but he is driving back and give him another harder kick. The passerby, the man behind him said: “Well, you have to take off your hat and bow him. Otherwise you get always in trouble.”
Perhaps you should omit this face-slapping evidence.
These conducts of the Japanes soldiers toward the civilians in Nanking continued to the end of the war.
These were also conducted in all the other cities I visited.
S-66 Cross-examination by Defendant
This testimony was made under the guarantee that the witness will not be subject to any crime of perjury and it is a testimony made by a person who lived in Nanking, a city controlled by the Nationalist Party after the war.
There are many photographs that have been used to support these testimonies.
There are a lot used in Iris Chang’s book.
Putting aside the fact if she knew it or not, we believe that Iris and her book was used as propaganda.
The spotlight goes to a white cover over an object in the corner of the room.
Beside the desks of the producers of the movie, there is a small stage, and on this stage is a Japanese soldier with a saber and a Chinese looking man tied up and sitting. Behind them are two men dressed in a Japanese Imperial Army uniform.
Two photographs are shown on the screen.
I’m sure some of you have seen these pictures before
ANNE points at the screen.
These pictures were circulated throughout the world as evidence of the Nanking Massacre. These are of course used in Iris Chang’s The Rape of Nanking. They were even used in a school text book in Taiwan.
Please look at this situation…(The situation of the photo shooting is shown). These people have on the same clothes and the same props in order to accurately replicate the picture. There’s also a camerman but if we want to take a photograph…
The Camerman in the film stands by at its position.
See? The camera has to be really close to the subjects or this photograph cannot be taken.
This is the next photograph. This is when his head was cut off, but the person who cut his head off is also in the picture.
Did the camerman take this picture using a step ladder from inside a hole?
Isn’t it like this because this isn’t a real execution? This is a staged photograph used for propaganda.
Next, a video showing the shadows of the photograph is shown.
See? Look at the shadows of the people here. They’re facing various directions. This is evidence that this is a composite photograph. Unless there are many suns in China.
Another element I would like to point out is that the person holding the sword is wearing a strange outfit. There are no uniforms like this in the Imperial Japanese Army and there was no custom to where such an outfit.
Now, these are people whose faces and expressions can clearly be seen.
Then why hasn’t the Chiang Kaishek Government searched these people after the war and arrested them as war criminals as they did with others?
There is no trace of an investigation or arrest for these people after the war. This is clear evidence that this was used for propaganda. The prosecution presented this as evidence and therefore contradicted their own claim.
Now the film shows a soldier about to thrust his sword.
Now we will have these people conduct a beheading execution.
With ANNE’s signal, the film starts again.
The soldier with the sword tries to swing down his sword but almost cuts his own leg because his left foot is in front of him.
You can see that the photograph is not that of an actual execution. Iris’s book contains a lot of false photographs such as these. Actually, we can say that most of them are fake photos used for the Chiang Kaishek Government’s propaganda. (Signals)
A photograph of a tank burning a farmer’s house with a fire torch and a photograph with a Chinese farmer crossing the bridge with a soldier are presented.
These are also pictures used in Iris’s book. During the massacre, a third of Nanking was destroyed by fire.
(It would be great to have a picture overlooking this area). In this picture, it says that the Japanese army is putting a rural house on fire.
But when Nanking was occupied, this tank called the Type 97 Te-Ke did not exist on earth. It was not yet in production. Iris argued that the Nanking Massacre continued until the spring of 1938, and so it wouldn’t be strange for the tank to have been in Nanking. This makes me laugh as well because the Type 97 Te-Ke was built in a number of 274 from 1939. It didn’t exist in 1938.
Putting an authentic looking caption on an authentic looking picture and manipulating the mind. These are methods that communists and facists use all the time.
Investigation on photographs and film continue
(Reference: The Tokyo Tribunal, Nanking portion)
Mr. Masayoshi KANZAKI representing the defendant HATA, and Mr. Kiyoshi ITO representing the defendant MATSUI conducted the cross-examination.
KANZAKI first asked in answer to a question put by the prosecution, HSU answered that the atrocities committed by Japanese soldiers continued until the end – until the conclusion of the war and KANZAKI asked HSU if that was correct. HSU answered “That is not quite correct. If I remember correctly, my statement is this: where it was the worst about the first few months, especially three months, and later on it gradually diminished more or less. It diminished more or less not because of the Japanese soldiers, because of the efforts made on both sides to get rid of these worst atrocities.” As we can see, HSU made a statement that ammended his prior testimony.
Next, KANZAKI asked HSU about him testifying about the burning of the Russian Legation. After two or three question, he asked aggressively “But Mr. Witness, this Russian Legation was not burned. Are you dreaming in regard to this, or are you telling a lie?” But WEBB commented that the “Counsel must accept the witness’ answer”. After a couple of more questions, it was clear that the witness was testifying about the Russian Legation and the defendant was asking about the Russian Embassy, and with the comment from WEBB, the questions on this matter was dropped.
Next, ITO asked if HSU knew that before the fall of Nanking the Japanese Commander distributed pamphlets to the Nanking Army which advised the Chinese to surrender the City of Nanking, and that if the Chinese Army complied with this and surrendered peacefully, there wouldn’t have been a clash.
HSU answered “Well, even though there is such a fact, I don’t know. But that doesn’t come into with the atrocities. The city was taken and no resistance and there was all these atrocities happened. And also I understand that the safety zone, they have already negotiations on both sides, Japan and China, and also these atrocities happened in the city as well as in the safety zone.”
Next, ITO asked if the witness knew that the Chinese troops, when they flee, they occupy a city, or when they are fleeing from a city after defeat, indugle in arson, or setting of fires, raping and pillage.
HSU replied “Well, I have not known any soldiers, Chinese soldiers, doing that in time of peace when there is no resistance. And the Chinese soldiers were in the city before the Japanese came in and we all lived peacefully and quietly and no atrocities has been reported on such a large scale. Then, after the Japanese came into the city and took the city, the Japanese did all those atrocities and the Japanese authorities did not try to stop them. Not a single proclamation, not a single public notice put on the street to stop all these atrocities.
Also we in the International Committee repeatedly complained to your consulate, to the head of the Special Service, and later on when the local self-government was formed again we repeated these things through our local self-government to your embassy and to the commander-in-chief’s office, but not a single proclamation has been made prohibiting the Japanese from raping, looting and killing, and also do all sorts of things.”
Then ITO asked if the witness knew that when the Chinese soldiers are defeated in battle and flee they usually hide and take off their clothes and become ordinary civilians, and when there is the chance, they become plain clothes soldiers.
HSU replied “There might be; but, still, you see, we consider them as civilians before they gather themselves together in open resistance. If they are not, they are civilians same as we are here now.
In the refugee camp that we were in charge of, we did not have any plain clothes soldiers like that. As soon as they have thrown down their arms, we don’t consider they are soldiers.”
After HSU’s statement, ITO says “As far as my competency is concerened, I cannot get the facts or the truth from this witness, and so I regreat that I’ll have to terminate here.” and HSU’s testimony ends.
S-67 Prosecution provides evidence
Now, other than the witnesses who testified at the Tokyo Tribunal, we were able to find numourous other witnesses. These are the testimonies by the people who lived in Nanking at the time and survived. The photo albums found are clear evidence of the Nanking Massacre and will be a crushing blow to those that still say the Nanking Massacre did not occur.
This is the testimony and evidence that comes up in a TV program created by China’s Jiang Su TV.
The Nanking 1937 tape is shown.
S-68 Cross-examination by Defendant
Takemoto, Ohara, Higashinakano
Various photographs, films, historical facts and lies are all thoroughly examined.
We will ask the Chinese government to have a witness attend. If we are rejected, that would be fine as well.
Have a Japanese anti-war senior come out and then beat him.
Testimony of witnesses who are survivivors of Nanking
S-69 Prosecution presents evidence
Now we would like to present the ultimate testimony. That is the court decision finalized by WEBB and the other judges at the Tokyo Tribunal.
An image of WEBB reading out the court decision is shown on the screen.
As the Central China Expeditionary Force under command of MATSUI approached the city of Nanking in early December 1937, over one-half of its one million inhabitants and all but a few neutrals who remained behind to organize an International Safety Zone, fled from the city. The Chinese Army retreated, leaving approximately 50,000 troops behind to defend the city. As the Japanese forces stormed the South Gate on the night of 12 December 1937, most of the remaining 50,000 troops escaped through the North and West Gates of the city or had abandoned their arms and uniforms and sought refuge in the International Safety Zone and all resistance had ceased as the Japanese Army entered the city on the morning of 13 December 1937. The Japanese soldiers swarmed over the city and committed various atrocities. According to one of the eye witnesses they were let loose like a barbarian horde to desecrate the city. It was said by eye witnesses that the city appeared to have fallen into the hands of the Japanese as captured prey, that it had not merely been taken in organized warfare, and that the members of the victorious Japanese Army had set upon the prize to commit unlimited violence. Individual soldiers and small groups of two or three roamed over the city murdering, raping, looting and burning. There was no discipline whatever. Many soldiers were drunk. Soldiers went through the streets indiscriminately killing Chinese men, women and children without apparent provocation or excuse until in places the streets and alleys were littered with the bodies of their victims. According to another witness Chinese were hunted like rabbits, everyone seen to move was shot. At least 12,000 non-combatant Chinese men, women and children met their deaths in these indiscriminate killings during the first two or three days of the Japanese occupation of the city.
There were many cases of rape. Death was a frequent penalty for the slightest resistance on the part of a victim or the members of her family who sought to protect her. Even girls of tender years and old women were raped in large numbers throughout the city, and many cases of abnormal and sadistic behavior in connection with these rapings occurred. Many women were killed after the act and their bodies mutilated.
Approximately 20,000 cases of rape occurred within the city during the first month of the occupation.
Japanese soldiers took from the people everything they desired. Soldiers were observed to stop unarmed civilians on the road, search them, and finding nothing of value then to shoot them. Very many residential and commercial properties were entered and looted. Looted stocks were carried away in trucks. After looting shops and warehouses the Japanese soldiers frequently set fire to them. Taiping Road, the most important shopping street, and block after block of the commercial section of the city were destroyed by fire. Soldiers burned the homes of civilians for no apparent reason. Such burning appeared to follow a prescribed pattern after a few days and continued for six weeks. Approximately one-third of the city was thus destroyed.
Organized and wholesale murder of male civilians was conducted with the apparent sanction of the commanders on the pretense that Chinese soldiers had removed their uniforms and were mingling with the population. Groups of Chinese civilians were formed, bound with their hands behind their backs, and marched outside the walls of the city where they were killed in groups by machine gun fire and with bayonets.
The German Government was informed by its representative about “atrocities and criminal acts not of an individual but of an entire Army, namely, the Japanese,” which Army, later in the report, was qualified as “bestial machinery.”
Large parties of Chinese soldiers laid down their arms and surrendered outside Nanking; within 72 hours after their surrender they were killed in groups by machine gun fire along the bank of the Yangtze River. Over 30,000 such prisoners of war were so killed. There was not even pretence of trial of these prisoners so massacred.
Estimates made at a later date indicate that the total number of civilians and prisoners of war murdered in Nanking and its vicinity during the first six weeks of the Japanese occupation was over 200,000. That these estimates are not exaggerated is borne out by the fact that burial societies and other organizations counted more than 155,000 bodies which they buried. They also reported that most of those were bound with their hands tied behind their backs. These figures do not take into account those persons whose bodies were destroyed by burning or by throwing them into the Yangtze River or otherwide disposed of by Japanese.
Japanese Embassy officials entered the city of Nanking with the advance elements of the Army; and on 14 December an official of the Embassy informed the International Committee for the Nanking Safety Zone that the “Army was determined to make it bad for Nanking, but that the Embassy officials were going to try to moderate the action.” The Embassy officials also informed the members of the committee that at the time of the occupation of the city no more than 17 military policemen were provided by the Army commanders to maintain order within the city. When it transpired that complaints to the Army officials did not have any result, those Japanese embassy officials suggested to the foreign missionaries that the latter should try and get publicity in Japan, so that the Japanese Government would be forced by public opinion to curb that Army.
SMYTHE, the Secretary of the International Committee for the Safety Zone, filed two protests a day for the first six weeks.
MATSUI, who had remained in a rear area until 17 December, made a triumphal entry into the city on that day and on 18 December held a religious service for the dead, after which he issued a statement in the course of which he said: “I extend much sympathy to millions of innocent people in the Kiangpei and Chekiang districts, who suffered the evils of war. Now the flag of the Rising Sun is floating high over Nanking, and the Imperial Way is shining in the southern parts of the Yangtze-Kiang. The dawn of the renaissance of the East is on the verge of offering itself. On this occasion I hope for reconsideration of the situation by the 400 million people of China.
MUTO, then a colonel, had joined MATSUI’s staff on 10 November 1937 and was with MATSUI during the drive on Nanking and participated in the triumphal entry and occupation of the city. Both he and MATSUI admit that they heard of the atrocities being committed in the city during their stay at rear headquarters after the fall of the city. MATSUI admits that he heard that foreign governments were protesting against the commission of these atrocities. No effective action was taken to remedy the situation.
Members of the diplomatic corps and press and the Japanese Embassy in Nanking sent out reports detailing the atrocities being committed in and around Nanking. The Japanese Minister-at-Large to China, Ito, Nobufumi, was in Shanghai from September 1937 to February 1938. He received reports from the Japanese Embassy in Nanking and from members of the diplomatic corps and press regarding the conduct of the Japanese troops and set a resume of the reports to the Japanese Foreign Minister, HIROTA. These reports as well as many others giving information of the atrocities committed in Nanking, which were forwarded by members of the Japanese diplomatic officials in China, were forwarded by HIROTA to the War Minister. They were discussed at the Liason Conference which were normally attended by the Prime Minister, War and Navy Ministers, Foreign Ministery HIROTA, Finance Minister KAYA, and the Chiefs of the Army and Navy General Staffs.
News reports of the atrocities were widespread. Following these unfavorable reports and the pressure of the public opinion aroused in nations all over the world, the Japanese Government recalled MATSUI and approximately 80 of his officers but took no action to punish any of them.
The barbarous behaviour of the Japanese Army cannot be excuses as the acts of a soldiery which had temporarily gotten out of hand when at last a stubbornly defended position had capitulated – rape, arson and murder continued to be committed on a large scale for at least six weeks after the city had been taken and for at least four weeks after MATSUI and MUTO had entered the city.
This is the reproduction of the evidence presented by the prosecution where a part of the evidence provided by the defence is cited so that it will turn against the defendant.
There is also a big error regarding this judgement. The error is the part where the judge talks about the report of the atrocities being sent from the Japanese embassy in Nanking to Tokyo, and then discussed at the Liason Conferences, and names of the members who were present at this conference were stated.
During the individual testimony of SHIKADA, Itaro ISHII, then the head of the Japanese Foreign Ministry’s Bureau of Asiatic Affairs who was a witness, mentions that he brought up the subject of the report at a War, Navy and Foreign administrative conference held by ISHII and told the officer responsible at the War Ministry to take serious care of the matter. But there was no evidence that the Nanking incident was discussed at the Liaison Conference which is a high level conference attended by the Prime Minister, War and Navy Minister, Foreign Minister, Finance Minister, and the Chiefs of the Army and Navy General Staffs, and therefore this is complete error on the judgement side.
His military duties in 1937 and 1938 cannot be simply dismissed as an act to execute a war of invasion. In order to justify his verdict on being guilty for Count 27, the prosecutor should have provided evidence that MATSUI knew of the criminal characteristics of the war, but none was provided.
In 1935 MATSUI retired but in 1937 came out of retirement to become the commander of the Japanese Shanghai Expeditionary Force. He became commander of the Central China Area Army overseeing both the Shanghai Expeditionary Force and the 10th Army. On December 13th, 1937 he occupied Nanking.
The Chinese army retreated just before Nanking fell and the Japanese army conquered a non resistant city. The Japanese soldiers then swarmed over the city and committed various atrocities. The Japanese army committed murder, rape, looting, and burning. The atrocities committed by the Japanese army were denied by a Japanese witness, but opposite testimonies from various neutral witnesses of different nationalities with great credibility were overwhelming and much more favorable. Theses atrocities started when this city was conquered on December 13th, 1937 and did not stop until Feburary of 1938. During these six to seven weeks, thousands of women were raped and over one hundred thousand people were murdered, and countless properties were looted or burned.
When these atrocities were at its height, which was December 17, MATSUI entered the city and stayed there for 5 to 7 days. From his own observation and reports from general staffs, he should have known what was happening. He admits that he heard from the embassy and the military police that his troops were commiting some atrocities.
These inhumane acts were reported daily to the Japanese diplomats and they reported this to Tokyo.
The Tribunal is satisfied that MATSUI knew what was happening. He did nothing, or nothing effective to abate these horrors. He did issue orders before the capture of the city enjoining propriety of conduct upon his troops and later he issued further orders to the same purport. These orders were of no effect as is now known, and as he must have known. He was in command of the Army responsible for these happenings. He knew of them. He had the power, as he had the duty, to control his troops and to protect the unfortunate citizens of Nanking. He must be held criminally responsible for his failure to discharge this duty.
The tribunal finds the defendant MATSUI guilty of Count 55.
MATSUI was only found guilty for Count 55 but because of this, he was sentenced to hang.
S-70 Cross-examination by Defendant
S-71 Opening Remarks by Defendant
(Reference: Professor Takemoto)
The trial of the vanquished by the victors cannot be impartial no matter how it is hedged about with the forms of justice.
– Senator Robert A. Taft,
October 5, 1946
Between two countries at war there was always a danger that one or other of the combatants would seek to turn public opinion in his favour by resort to a propaganda in which incidents, inseparable alas (!) from all hostilities, were magnified and distorted for the express purpose of inflaming prejudice and passion and obscuring the real issues of the conflict.
– Sir Charles Addis at Chatham House,
November 10, 1938
World War II and the movement of Resistance were the ‘Battle against Fascism’. Therefore, the false assumption was made that Japan was regarded as same as Hitler’s Germany and such absurd remark has been spread within Japan and it is indeed unbearable. For that very reason, I, with a firm conviction, wrote this book in order to counter-attack such false assumption.
– Alfred Smoular
Auschwitz 186416 dies in Japan
Ten years have passed since the end of the Cold War, and the world is now in the midst of turmoil and crisis. In order to keep the scarcely maintained world peace, the role of the continued Japan-U.S. friendship and alliance is unshakable. Throughout the Cold War era and up to the present day, there has been some serious friction recorded, especially in the area of trade relative to the export of textiles and steel, also in the area of discussions as to increasing Japan’s defense capabilities, and to restructuring of Japan’s economic system. However, these items of discussion have been, without exception, items of national interest. Both nations, Japan and U.S., have tried to mutually resolve the problems and to reach the satisfactory resolutions and these efforts and achievements are universally recognized.
However, for the past few years, some peculiar anti-Japanese campaigns have been started in the U.S., and they have been escalated as the time passed. We are deeply concerned that the new serious friction between Japan and the U.S. has expanded as a result of these campaigns. The reason we express our concerns is that these anti-Japanese activities have been developed in the U.S., but aren’t related directly to the national interests of either country. It is our assertion that there is someone of the third world trying to set them up from behind.
Specifically, Chinese-American Iris Chang’s The Rape of Nanking, which was published in July 1997 in the U.S., and the wave of anti-Japanese campaigns agitated by her claims are sitting at the center of this problem. The book’s contents do not present verified facts, and furthermore, they represent the quite opposite. As a result, those Japanese who are shocked with such an injustice are not few. For this twisted representation of the historical facts of the ‘Nanking Massacre’,1 even a monthly Japanese magazine, called Sekai which has been a representative of the group which has admitted the ‘Nanking Massacre’, can’t have helped but express its disagreement and published an unusual explanatory statement.
Iris Chang’s book is titled as ‘The Rape’, and subtitled as ‘The Forgotten Holocaust of World War II’, and it has caused a stirring of the ears of the American people who were not familiar with the incident which happened on December 1937 in an obscure corner of the Far East. The book, which starts with unimaginable satanic atrocities and repeatedly describes such acts, has succeeded in maximizing the hatred of the readers against the Japanese. Moreover, it has caused a political problem to develop. Finally, in August 1999, the state legislature of California passed a resolution for it atrocities, citing the ‘Nanking Massacre’.
Needless to say, it is quite understandable for American people, who have kept respect for human rights and fairness as their motto, to raise voices to ‘castigate Japan and punish them’ after hearing these the false representation of ‘300,000 Chinese massacred, 20,000 raped’. However, this serious situation should be re-examined if we calmly consider it, because the anti-Japanese campaign is based on the assumption that the ‘Nanking Massacre’ has surely existed. So we wonder if it is true and how they achieved to exactly verify it.
Are there any questions raised by readers of Chang’s sadistic book that can possibly compete with the literature of the Marquis de Sade? We wonder if they have had the following questions:
“The book says that over 300,000 citizens were killed and the most of the corpses were burnt by kerosene within six weeks. If it were so, dozens of incinerators as large as that of Auschwitz would have been necessary. Who has ever seen such things within and around the closed space of the walled castle?”
“Also, the book claims that from 20,000 to 80,000 women were raped. We hear of the enormous number of babies born after fall of Berlin by the Russian Army. Is there a recorded account of the flood of babies that mixed Japanese and Chinese parentage after the fall of Nanking?”
For readers who are equipped with common sense, such questions must abundantly come to mind. Now, let us treat the ‘Nanking Massacre’ as a murder case. How many corpses have been found? Who are the victims? Who are the eyewitnesses? What are the motives of the offenders? For those basic questions, we must justly prove the facts through fair procedures in criminal suit.
Those who prosecute the ‘Nanking Massacre’ insist that insist that there were certain number of corpses, and focus on the testimonies of eyewitnesses and also the motives of the offenders. However, the admissibility and probative value of such claims and evidence are not acceptable in the courts of civilized Nations. Surprisingly, these facts have never been known to the western world. But only the false propaganda, which claims that the horrible incident (Nanking Massacre) occurred, is now becoming established in the U.S., as the anti-Japanese activities intended.
For that reason, we have started the following legal approach. Namely, we have tried to treat the so-called ‘Nanking Massacre’, which was said to have been committed by the Japanese Army during the six weeks starting from December 13, 1937, as a ‘murder case (including looting and rapes)’. Also, we have tries to precisely examine whether the crime has been proved or not and objectively verify the fact, using a method based on the Criminal Procedure Act, in view that the Prosecution has responsibility to adduce evidences to show the committed crimes.
In other words, our objective is not to prove that there was no ‘Nanking Massacre’, but to specify the fact that the testimonies, which claim that there was the ‘Nanking Massacre’, are not substantiated at all. And we take a position whereby all the facts would be clarified by doing so.
However, as for the Prosecution, all we would like to say is that we are not confronting Iris Chang’s The Rape of Nanking. Instead, our debate will be focused on the claims of the CCP (the Chinese Communist Party). The reason is that Iris Chang’s view is based on the claims of the CCP. We perceive that the origin of the message in the anti-Japanese networks, which press Japan to take responsibilities for war crimes, lies in the CCP.
Our objections may appear to the readers rather too mild. But, the Japanese culture, which has produced the serenity of the Noh play and the Tea ceremony, may be quite opposite contrasted with the Chinese culture, which is festively decorated with gongs and firecrackers. The peculiar Chinese fantasy of such expressions as ‘30,000 feet of long white hair’ may have produced The Rape of Nanking, and in the opposite manner, we would like to develop our arguments in brief and strictly.
For a half century after World War II, Japan has kept silence whenever and however we were falsely accused of this problem. Here, we would like to break the silence for the first time. We will not scream like the Chinese, but set forth our views purely and fairly as an accused standing in the dock of a courthouse, speaking in a low tone of voice, asking the fair judgement of the readers.
Emeritus Professor of the University of Tsukuba
Visiting Professor of College de France
The Beijing authorities view anti-Japanese sentiment as something to orchestrate primarily for its own international purposes to strengthen war guilt among Japanese and opposition to Japanese rearmament among the nations of the world. Meanwhile, China’s Communist Party shows no concern with any moral accounting for the atrocities that it perpetrated against its own people during the long years of mass imprisonment, labor camp, the politically induced famine of the early 1960’s, or, for that matter, the massacre of pro-democracy protesters at Tiananmen.
— Richard Bernstein and Ross H. Munro,
The coming conflict with China
When time shall have softened passion and prejudice, when Reason shall have stripped the mask from misrepresentation, then justice, holding evenly her scales, will require much of past censure and praise to change places.
— Radhabinod Pal,
Dissentient Judgement of Justice Pal
Today, the so-called ‘Nanking Massacre’ is said to be another holocaust, which can be comparable to the slaughters committed by the Nazi Germany against the Jewish People. Sue to the fact that Japan made a military alliance with Germany, Japan is often misunderstood as if Japan had pursued similar national policy. However, it was not that simple. This is the same mistake as regarding the Soviet Union as the same democratic nation as the U.S. or the U.K. only because she was in the same military alliance, which had gone to war against Germany.
As we have stated earlier, the ‘Nanking Massacre’ in which the Prosecution claims the ‘massacre of 300,000’, has never been so proved. However, any other unjustifiable killings by Japanese troops are regarded as punishable war crimes during the combats against the Chinese Army, and these should be processed under the international humanitarian law. On the other hand, in case of Germany, they were not fighting the war against the Jewish people. The large-scale slaughters targeting all the Jewish people, including the killings of Jewish people who had German citizenship, committed by the Nazi Germany were systematically planned killings based on the specific ethnic ideology which had no direct connection with the war. Those killings were, indeed, the ‘crimes against humanity’, and those crimes are fundamentally different from the ‘war crimes’ which the Japanese troops were said to have committed.
Many of the war criminals of the Nazi Germany processed at ‘the International War Criminal Court (the Nuremberg Trial) were found guilty of the ‘crime against humanity’. However, in the IMTFE even both HIROTA Koki, the former Foreign Minister and MATSUI who were prosecuted for their responsibility for the ‘Nanking Massacre’, were found guilty under the ‘conventional war crimes’. They were not sentenced the severe punishment due to the ‘crimes against humanity’. This clearly proves that the ‘Nanking Massacre’ could not be put in the same category with the holocaust committed against the Jewish people by the Nazi Germany as we see these different court processes.
Not only so, we must say that there existed the crucial fact that the then Japanese government sternly refused the persecution policy against the Jewish people which the Nazi Germany was implementing, even though Japan had amicable relations with Germany by means of concluding the Anti-Comintern Pact during that time when the battle of Nanking occurred. In December 1938, almost one year after the battle of Nanking, the Japanese Government decided the policy that ‘based on the spirit of racial equality which we have insisted on for many years, we will treat the Jewish people with fairness, in the same manner as we treat other foreigners and we will not take special measures to reject them’.)
For that very reason, the ‘Japanese Oskar Schindler’ SUGIHARA Chiune(Sempo)’s energetic activity was possible, and many Jewish people were rescued. This historical fact proves that the Japanese people were far away from such racism as seen in the holocaust produced by the racial extremist Nazi Germany.
Who can imagine that the Japanese people is a nation who will do anything like systematically planned atrocities called ‘holocaust’? Any westerners who know even a little bit about the Japanese culture may testify. Alfred Smoular, who received many awards from the French President De Gaulle, as a resistance fighter, was one of them. He survived tortures at the concentration camps in Auschwitz and Bofenvalt. This great French hero states the followings in his memoir Auschwitz 186416 dies in Japan (Tokyo:Fuso-sha, 1995):
World War II including the movement of resistance was the fight against Fascism. I can not keep myself silent for such absurd statements which to say we should regard Japan as same as Hitler’s Germany. Those absurd statements are nothing but someone’s ideological propaganda.
We are sure the American people understand our humane heritage over 2,000 years. We, as Japanese, take pride in the same humane history. We can no longer suffer from such an unreasonable disgrace to our nation brought about by unfounded absurd accusations.
On the other hand, any other inhumane criminal acts comparable to the crimes committed by Nazi Germany might be a lot of racially oriented abuses and large-scale slaughters committed in the name of Communism since the Russian Revolution, elsewhere in the world. With the end of Cold War as a trigger, re-examination of Communism, which brought about curse and disaster to mankind and society in large in the 20th century, is now being made. According to Karel Bartosek’s The Black Book of Communism: Crimes, Terror, Repression (Harvard University Press, 1999), the victims of the crimes committed by the Communism can be estimated no less than 100,000,000. As for the Soviet Union, which was the mainstream of worldwide Communism, it is said that 20,000,000 people had been killed, and after all, its Communistic regime collapsed in 1991. However, Communism in China, where it is estimated that a far larger number of 65,000,000 people had been victimized, is still existing under the dictatorial political system, and still persecuting minorities and committing human right violations ceaselessly.
Especially in Tibet, more then 1,200,000 people, corresponding to roughly 20% of the total population, were massacred since being unfairly annexed to Communist China in 1955. And even today, the people there are still abused, and their cultures are being destroyed. The miserable conditions of ‘Ethnic Cleansing’ in Tibet are known as crueler than ones in Bosnia and Herzegovina or Kosovo. And, it becomes an increasing concern to John Q. Public, because it is introduced to them through hit movies, Seven Years in Tibet (Director: jean-Jaques Annaud, 1997) and Kundun (Director: Martin Scorsese, 1997). If we can not call this crime against humanity as ‘holocaust’, what else can we call ‘holocaust’? The very Communist China declared that the problem of Tibet is a problem relating to domestic affairs and refused the interference of the foreign nations. On the other hand, the CCP is loudly denouncing the ‘Nanking Massacre’ which had been insisted on its happening more than sixty years ago, but not even clearly defined. It is indeed their ridiculous self-righteous gestures.
The extreme example of China’s ridiculous gestures in that the CCP is strongly supporting the production of the movie, titled Rabe’s Diary.Of course, this is a campaign movie for the purpose of denouncing the ‘massacre of 300,000’. In other words, this movie is the indeed the false movie with double fabrications.
The CCP frequently persists in requesting Japan to show an attitude of the ‘remorse and apology’ for the behaviour that Japan took to China in past, citing the ‘Nanking Massacre’ as an example. As for its intention, there is no doubt that the CCP aims at withdrawal of the ‘compensation and financial assistance’ and the ‘concession’ from Japan as analyzed by the Library of Congress, Congressional Research Service.At the same time, in order for the CCP to establish the hegemony in the post Cold War East Asia, the CCP has to drive a wedge into the Japan-U.S. alliance, which is an obstacle on the road to its hegemony. Therefore it may say that as one of measures to accomplish this, the CCP intends to have ex-Allied Nations recall the ‘evil act of ex-enemy Japan’ stressing old ties of Allies Nations.
It is obviously telling of the China’s intention that on the background of the sales campaign of The Rape of Nanking, we can catch a glimpse of the shadow of the CCP through the activities of Chinese-Americans and overseas Chinese merchant organizations in the U.S.
From the years of 1930 through 1940, the national interests of Japan and U.S. became severely opposite, and caused a very unfortunate war. On this background, it is true that China and the Comintern concentrated its effort to carry out the skillful propaganda maneuver, which aimed at splitting Japan and U.S. We must not allow this to appear again.
We would like to emphasize that our assertion that ‘Nanking Massacre’ was a propaganda by the CCP, isn’t only for us to remove the stigma that has been attached to Japan due to the unfounded ‘false accusation’, but also to take into consideration formation of a mature friendly relationship between Japan and U.S., looking toward the 21st Century, and reinforcement of our relationship.
Professor of Kokugakuin University
S-72 The newspaper and TV
Various newspapers are on the desk. Other newspapers are on them as well.
We can see titles such as“The Nanking Massacre didn’t exist?,” “Is it a Lie? The Rape of Nanking,”are seen on the newspapers.
At the simulated court trial of the “Nanking International Historical Full Court Session” held by the US -Japan private organization in Los Angeles, the prosecutors and the defendants are conducting a furious debate. But it does seem that the new evidence and objective arguments presented by the defendants are overwhelming the prosecutors
S-73 Inside DAN’s Production building
ANNE, NAGOSHI, TONY, JENNY, and staff are looking at the newspaper and watching the news on TV.
There is a possibility that the outcome of this court will make the Nanking Massacre that was said to have been conducted by the Japanese army, and was thought to be an accepted notion, a fabrication and a false accusation, and Iris Chang’s The Rape of Nanking, will be a complete lie. As a result, this could have a huge impact on the over 10 Nanking Massacre movies planned to be produced this year in China and the United States and other parts of the world. I would like to keep you posted on the outcome of the trial.
The staffs clap and cry out.
I wanna tell Dan in Nanking. He’s going to love this.
Have you heard from him since?.
The embassy is doing all it can but it seems like they can’t visit every day. He’s not sick or anything but they told me that he’s a bit thin and has no energy.
I bet the interrogation’s pretty severe there. They won’t kill him right? If they kill an American citizen…
I don’t think they’ll go that far but…
They might make it look like a suicide…
At the press conference he clearly said that whatever happens, he will never commit suicide. That if something like that happened, think of him as having been killed. So it’s O.K.
Everyone loses their words and is silent.
I just got a call from DAN’s ex-wife
(Surprised) He’s not single?
They got divorced 4 years ago. They also have a 7 year old daughter. Deborah, his ex-wife, got hold of her custody and they live in New York now.
Really…and what did she say?
She was worried and asked how he was. It seems that Dan always sent money for child support and would sometimes visit his daughter.
S-74 Prosecution makes Special Statement on Nanking Trial
The prosecution LEE is standing and is making a statement.
Today, before giving the prosecutor’s final argument, to counter the defendant’s evidence, we would like to submit a testimony from a new witness. The witness is the producer DAN Shitsuotsuki who is producing a Nanking denial movie and who planned and held the Nanking International Historical Full Court Session.
The people in the court murmur.
The defendants are taken back.
(Stands up and looks towards the door)
From the door, we can see DAN, with a languished lookm walk in with a Chinese man.
Your honor, the defendant was shooting a documentary in Nanking with his crew but was arrested for drugs and child prostitution. But because his willingness to change is strong and because he obtained new facts and wanted to share with us these new facts in the court, the Chinese police put into consideration the US-China relationship and the necessity to understand historical facts, allowed for his release and departure. We as American citizens would like to thank the Chinese government. Now I would like to ask for DAN Shitotsuki’s testimony.
I object! The witness has been captured by China and we do not know what they did to him or what kind of psychological condition he’s in. I think it is better to ask for his testimony after putting some time in between.
The witness is claiming that he would like to testify in court. The Defendant is trying to slow down the process of the trial because she is afraid that the truth would be revealed. This testimony is based on the witness’s own will.
Presiding Judge ERICKSON
Mr. DAN Shiotsuki, is what the prosecutor saying true? Do you want to testify?
(Without any expression) Yes. I came here on my own will. I would like to testify.
Your honor! I ask for a small break. We are all friends of the witness and were worried about his arrest in China. We would like to start the testimony and questions to the witness after hearing about his situation from him.
There’s no need for that. I want to testify now. Please let me testify.
Okay. Mr. DAN Shiotsuki, please swear in.
DAN puts his hand on the bible at the witness seat and swears in.
TONY whispers to ANNE at the defendant’s seat
ANNE, look at the spectator’s seat. DAN’s ex-wife and daughter are here. Behind them are his parents from Georgia.
When ANNE looks at the spectator’s seat, she sees a woman in her thirties and a little girl looking at DAN with a worried look, surrounded by three Chinese men. Behind them an old couple is watching over, again, with a worried look.
All of a sudden the little girl cries out.
Daddy!! (Waves at DAN)
(Smiles weakly and lightly waves back at the little girl)
Now I would like to start my question. Mr. DAN Shiotsuki, you are the producer who is planning to make a documentary film on the subject that the Nanking Massacre might not have happened.
You went to Nanking City, Jiang Su Province, China, for footage.
You were then arrested for the possession of drugs and child prostitution.
Yes, but that was some kind of mistake. I didn’t do such a thing. It was some kind of conspiracy…
(Stops him) Please answer my questions only.
You were released by the good faith of the Chinese government who puts emphasis on the good relationship between the U.S. and China, but what did you find out after going to China and getting coverage for your film?
I didn’t have enough time…
But weren’t you there for over a week? What did you find out? (Strongly) Please answer me.
(Looks around without any expression)
Looks at ANNE’s expression, and then his family’s…
Actually, as I was continuing my research, I started to think that the Nanking Massacre actually did take place. That Iris Chang was right…
(Astonished and out of impulse) DAN! What are you saying??
The defendant shall not interfere. I will allow you to cross-examine him later.
Then you started to have a different opinion than at the time of the press conference, correct?
Actually, I thought that the Nanking Massacre did exist, even at the time of the conference.
The people in the court murmur.
Then why did you lie?
A certain organization in Japan unofficially offered me financial support and promised to make me a famous journalist, and so I accepted the offer.
Was that offer only made to you?
(A bit painfully) The defendant Anna Kinskey also accepted the same offer
That’s a lie! Your honor, the witness is defaming me as a defendant with false testimonies. I have never accepted or even heard of such offer. Dan, what happened to you…? You’re…
Defendant! Be quiet! You have the opportunity to speak afterwards.
After I was captured in China, I had time to think quietly by myself. I reflected on my comments, the things I wrote, and the film I was producing. I am testifying today as a result of that. I am grateful to the Chinese Police for giving me this opportunity
…! (In awe)
Black background with Caption:
Cross Examination by Defendant
S-75 Nanking Trial Cross-examination by the Defendant
ANNE, the defendant, is cross-examining DAN, the witness.
I will ask the witness. What you just said to the prosecution. Did you really mean what you said? Are you not threatened by someone to say this?
(Looks straight at ANNE without removing his eyes away from her) I really meant it. I am not threatened…by anyone.
Then how about your family sitting there in the spectator’s seat? Didn’t the Chinese people sitting around them bring them here?
(Glances towards his family) They kindly brought my family over here because of my return to the U.S. I am grateful.
Aren’t they indirectly implying that if you don’t testify as they like, they will cause harm to your family?
Your honor! The defendant is leading the witness based on speculation.
Objection sustained. Defendant, ask questions based on fact.
Mr. Shiotsuki, you testified that you and I received money from Japan. This is a lie, correct?
It’s a lie! Why are you lying? Where has your pride as a journalist gone?
I…haven’t changed at all…and I know everything now.
What are you telling me you know? Are you…betraying us? Not only us but also the soldiers who were falsly accused, and those who were executed because of this?
(A sign of pain briefly shows on DAN’s expressionless face)…I will not betray…I just want to tell the truth…I now know…
DAN, when you asked me to join this project, you told me that we were the last Samurai. Are we not?
Your honor I object. These aren’t questions based on fact but criticism made to the witness.
Objection sustained. The defendant…
Your honor. (Strongly) Please let me answer. Please.
ANNE, as a journalist I have lived xx years. And there is something that I definitely learned. There are times when people may physically, through threats and violence, look like they have surrendered on the outside. But they cannot surrender their…thier souls. (Eyes stay fixed on ANNE)Our souls, as long as we choose it to be, will always be free and keep its dignity. Yes, no matter how strong the enemy power, they cannot take away the freedom and pride of our souls. Iris Chang (emphasizes her name), her actions and life have proven this. I finally realize…what she really wanted to say…that there are things that people want to say, even if it menat putting everything they have on the line. As long as we have the will to find freedom and truth, we human beings have hope. I believe in human beings…so…as a journalist, I would like to follow Iris Chang’s footsteps. I’d like to act like Iris Chang. This thought has never changed and never will.
That’s it. Your honor, there is nothing else to testify for. I don’t feel well so I’d like to withdraw out of the courtroom.
Defendant, is that okay?
You may withdraw
DAN leaves the courtyard while being helped by the bailiff.
S-76 Inside DAN’s production company
In the production building where most of the people have left.
ANNE watched DAN’s testimony throught a video monitor in the editing room.
Keeps rewinding and repeating the final testimony
NAGOSHI and TONY come by.
I’m leaving now. ANNE, I understand you’re shocked, but you should go home. It’s already past midnight
Yes. Just a bit longer. Something still bugs me.
Everything bugs me. I can’t believe DAN changed so much…I’m starting to lose faith in people.
I still can’t believe it.
(A bit hestitant but) ANNE…are you going to continue?
The trial and the shooting. Tomorrow’s press is going to be BAD!
…(Nods) Of course! Whatever the outcome, I’m going to fight til the end.
NAGOSHI and TONY go out and ANNE is left alone in the room.
ANNE stares at DAN in the monitor.
* * *
The clock in the editing room points at 4:50 a.m.
ANNE is sleeping with the monitor still turned on.
(It is her dream from here)
We can here footsteps in an empty halway (it is a weird sound)
A voice is calling out…“ANNE…ANNE…ANNE”
ANNE wakes up.
There is man standing at the doorway.
ANNE looks carefully and sees that it’s DAN.
DAN, what’s the matter? So late…did you come back?
DAN stands near the entrance, quiet, then goes away.,
ANNE, surprised, tries to run after him.
DAN, wait! DAN! Wait!
ANNE, who had fallen asleep in her chair wakes up and jerks herself up.
DAN…! (Looks around but there is no one there)
DAN’s face is still paused in the monitor.
…It was a dream…(looks at the clock that says 4:50 a.m.)
ANNE pushed the play button on the monitor again.
DAN’s testimony plays again.
…I finally realize…what she really wanted to say…that there are things that people want to say, even if it means putting everything they have on the line. As long as we have the will to find freedom and truth, we human beings have hope. I believe in human beings…so…as a journalist, I would like to follow Iris Chang’s footsteps. I’d like to act like Iris Chang. This thought has never changed and never will.
I would like to follow Iris Chang’s footsteps. I’d like to act like Iris…(Realizes!)
ANNE stands up and looks at the clock again.
Dan’s going to die…!!
ANNE jumps out of the room as fast as she can.
DAN’s testimony continues on the monitor.
S-77 A running car and the interior of the car
We see a car racing down the city night and its wheels.
We can hear ANNE’s voice.
Check his room! Now!
She drives and talks on her cell phone at the same time.
Hurry up! It’s a matter of life and death!…Me? I’m his best friend. Just hurry up and check it out!
S-78 In front of xx hotel.
ANNE’s car races in, stops, ANNE jumps out of the car and rushes into the hotel.
S-79 Front desk of the hotel
ANNE runs in.
ANNE runs to the front desk
FORELY and the Chinese man are at the front counter.
Where’s DAN? Is DAN here?
He disappeared from his room. It seems like he escaped from the back. How did you know Dan disappeared from the hotel?
Just bring me to the room where Dan was staying at!
ANNE, FORELY, Chinese man, and the hotel man all head towards the elevator.
S-80 Hallway and DAN’s room
ANNE and FORELY come by.
A different Chinese man is in front of Dan’s room.
ANNE and the others go into the room
＊ ＊ ＊ ＊
ANNE and the others go into the room.
There is no one in the room. The passport that came back from China is still neatly put away.
ANNE, checks the closet. His clothes are still there.
Tonight he had dinner with his parents and daughter and then went into this room…for security reasons they (the Chinese men) were waiting at the lobby but he didn’t go out through the main entrance. You said that it was a matter of life and death right? Why did you think so?
Stares at her for a while
…Well at least it seems like you had nothing to do with it (tries to go outside)
(Grabs her arm) What do you mean?
ANNE still tries to get out but is stopped by FORELY and the Chinese man and they struggle.
DAN’s father’s voice
How did you know that DAN was gone?
ANNE turns around to the voice and finds DAN’s parents standing in their gowns. Behind them is Dan’s ex-wife Deborah.
I’m DAN’s father, Henry Shiotsuki, but how did you know that DAN was going to be gone?
I’m Anna Kinskey. Tonight, I was watching the video of DAN’s testimony at the court. I felt that there was something behind his words…and then it hit me. DAN was testifying under the same circumstances as Iris.
What do you mean?
In order to protect the family you love, he made a testimony that he knew was a lie. He had to do this or his family would be in danger (glances at FORELY). He was probably threatened. He was in a position where he couldn’t testify the truth…and then he realized that Iris might also have been in the same situation. As a journalist, they would stop living and stop the lying and fabrication by their own death. Dan and Iris are very proud human beings. They chose to keep their dignity and make a silent protest, even if it meant taking their own lives…I realized this and…
That’s nonsense. Dan testified on his own will…
Enough! I’ve had enough lies! Ms. Anna Kinskey, DAN is exactly the son you described. Tonight I had dinner with him that I hadn’t in a long time. He was very kind…a bit too kind. Right, Ma?
Maybe he was saying good bye to us. It’s almost dawn…He’s probably already…
FATHER puts his arms around MOTHER’s shoulders.
(Realizes something) I’m going to look for him.
Do you know where he is?
He might be at the place where Iris died.
ANNE runs off
S-81 Site where Iris was found dead
A little bird is perched on a tree. It is looking at something and its eyes move.
There is a car parked at the site where Iris had died.
The camera slowly closes in from behind.
A whistle can barely be heard from within.
The Georgia State song, Georgia on my mind can be heard in snatches.
Dan is inside the car
The mountains far away turn white and the sun is about to rise.
Dan holds the replica gun he used at the press conference from his seat.
He tries to put it in his mouth.
He turns around at the sound of a bird’s chirp.
He sees one bird fly into the sky.
DAN smiles still holding the gun. Slowly, he puts the gun into his mouth.
We can see the whole car from behind.
We hear gun fire.
10 plus birds fly out of a nearby bush surprised by the sound.
A car is left in an area that becomes silent again.
The sun starts to rise.
S-82 ANNE’s car races through the road.
ANNE’s car races throught the road at dawn,
Her cell phone rings.
S-83 Inside the car
ANNE puts her cell phone by her ear while driving.
S-84 The road and ANNE’s car
ANNE’s car brakes hard and stops.
We see her car from behin. It is silent and still.
S-85 Outside the Nanking International Full Court Session
People drift by.
ANNE, TONY, and NAGOSHI come in.
DAN’s ex-wife DEBORAH and her daughter wait at the corner of the hallway.
Ms. ANNA KINSKEY
ANNE stops. The others leave to leave her alone.
I’m DEBORAH Atkins. I’m sorry to stop you right before the trial, but I wanted to tell you something.
I’m happy I got to talk to you. Thank you for calling me. What did you want to tell me?
S-86 Inside the court
Closing statement for Defendant
ANNE is conducting her closing statement.
One journalist gave up his life to protect the freedom of press and the freedom of speech. He also protected his family and the truth by giving up his life.
DAN Shiotsuki’s face shows up in full screen.
He was found dead at the place where Iris Chang died, and died exactly the same way.
It was suicide.
But what he wanted to tell us in exchange for his life was made clear by his death.
As the judges and the spectars are well aware of, his family was invited to this court by the prosecution from their home state Georgia.
When he was captured in Eurasia’s one party dictating country, he realized that if he was going to stick to his pride and freedom as a journalist, than the lives of his family, whom he felt was most important to him, would be in danger. To save his pride as a journalist and to save his family, the only way to do this was to sacrifice his life and tell the truth, in exchange for his life, and he did this. He also clearly claimed this at our court. (Signals)
Dan’s testimony at the court is show on the screen.
(On the screen) ANNE, as a journalist I have lived xx years. And there is something that I definitely learned. There are times when people may physically, through threats and violence, look like they have surrendered on the outside. But they cannot surrender their…their souls. (Eyes stay fixed on ANNE)Our souls, as long as we choose it to be, will always be free and keep its dignity. Yes, no matter how strong the power, they cannot take away the freedom and pride of our souls. Iris Chang (emphasizes her name), her actions and life have proven this. I finally realize…what she really wanted to say…that there are things that people want to say, even if it means putting everything they have on the line. As long as we have the will to find freedom and truth, we human beings have hope. I believe in human beings…so…as a journalist, I would like to follow Iris Chang’s footsteps. I’d like to act like Iris Chang. This thought has never changed and never will. (Pause)
Why did he decide to die at the same place as Iris Chang and why did he decide to die the same way?
I think this is because he wanted to tell us that Iris’s death was exactly the same as the situation he was put in.
I will intentionally declare this.
With his death, DAN Shiotsuki indicated that what he testified at this court was false.
I believe Iris had also discovered that her book was fake and as a journalist hated to have to continue lying, and wanted to keep the dignity and freedom of her soul, and to protect her family that meant so much to her, and to show a sign of protest against the people who threatened to hurt them, and she did this by taking her own life.
DAN Shiotsuki tried to tell us the truth by having his death put exactly the same as Iris’s.
He revealed the true nature of the Nanking Massacre by giving up his own life.
Iris found out herself that the Nanking massacre was false.
But she had to keep saying that it was true.
She did not have the option of expressing this in public. She had to protect her family which was most important to her.
To protect her freedom and pride as a journalist, and to protest against the brutal authorities that will not let the truth be presented, what she decided at the end was her own death.
The reason why she decided to commit suicide by putting a gun in her mouth, a way that no woman would choose, was to show that she was protesting and to tell the world that this was not a suicide.
The death of Iris Chang and DAN Shiotsuki is a declaration of victory for the diginity, pride, and freedom of human beings, and the cry of the soul of the United States that will never surrender to oppression and threats.
The freedom and soul of human beings will never surrender to any evil state power, even if it means giving up your life for it. The death of the two journalists has certainly proven this. No matter how the results of the court trial goes, I will take over DAN’s will and finish the film that we were going to make together.
Finally, I would like to have Henry Shiotsuki, DAN’s father, to testify and this will be the defendant’s closing remarks.
My name is Henry Shiotsuki and I am DAN’s father.
I am a farmer in Georgia, but there is something that I have always told and taught DAN.
Don’t lie, be honest, and to do that, be strong. But there are a lot of people in this world who are stronger than you. So you will not necessarily always win.
But don’t lose. Even if you don’t win, it’s okay as long as you don’t lose. As long as you don’t give up.
If you have a strong heart and a proud soul, than you can do that for sure. My son had done exactly that.
In order to protect us family, that last night, he told my softly.
Dad, as a father, a child, and a man, I did my best to protect my child and my family.
Now, I am going to do my best as a journalist, my way.
I’m going to do this my way and tell everyone.
(Gets a catch in his throat)
I asked my son. Was your testimony a lie?
My son laughed and said Dad, it’s exactly the way you think it is. I am proud of my son.
I am proud of my son that might not have won, but never lost to his enemy.
And I am grateful to the country of liberty, the United States of America that brought him up.
FORELY and the presecution are in awe.
ANNE holds her tears back.
The staffs cry while holding each other.
DAN’s face is shown full screen.
S-87 The court hallway
ANNE and the staff walk out of the court.
FORELY comes and sticks her hand out for a handshake.
What’s this about?
(Shakes her hand half in doubt)
I’m glad I met you. Now, I’m also proud to be an American.
FORELY walks down the hallway as the Chinese men around her are surprised.
S-89 Different court hallway
ANNE, TONY, and NAGOSHI come in.
DAN’s ex-wife DEBORAH and her daughter wait at the corner of the hallway.
Ms. ANNA KINSKEY
ANNE stops. The others leave to leave her alone.
I’m Deborah Atkins. It was a great closing remark. I think DAN is happy in heaven as well.
Thank you. I’m happy to have met you. Thank you for calling me.
I just wanted to say one thing. One part of our closing remarks that wasn’t true.
Really? Which part was that?
You said that DAN committed suicide to protect the freedom of speech and human rights, and to protect us family.
Yes, isn’t that true?
I won’t say that it’s all false. But you are overlooking the most important truth.
…! What is that?
Suddenly the daughter that was with DEBORAH finds her grandparents who appear at the end of the hallway, and starts running to them.
(Shouts) ANNA! Don’t run!
ANNE is shocked when she hears the name.
…!She…has the same name as me?
He wanted to put your name on her and wouldn’t listen…Don’t you think I look a little like you?
Even before he met you, he thought about you and continued to love you, as the only person in the world. His suicide was really to protect you. He thought that if he died, then there won’t be any harm put to you. Anna Kinskey, you are that kind of person. That’s why I was always number two. I thought there was nothing I could do about it…I was jealous of you (smiles) It’s very lonely to always be number two.
ANNA, the daughter, shouts from across the hallway.
Well, I’m really glad I got to meet you. I think I can really start a new life from today.
DEBORAH hugs ANNE and ANNE hugs her back.
ANNA, the daughter, calls for her mom again.
There are tears in ANNE’s eyes as she watches them off.
S-90 Nanking International Full Court Session
The mallet is heard loud and clear.
The court is silent.
The Presiding Judge is about to read the verdict.
Presiding Judge ERICKSON
Presiding Judge ERICKSON
We have examined and discussed the authenticity regarding the incident known as the Nanking Massacre from various angles and perspectives in a fair and just manner. Radhabinod Pal, who was an Indian Judge at the International Military Tribunal for the Far East (IMTFE) held in Tokyo 60 years ago, stated the following in Judgement, the judgement document he wrote on the IMTFE. “When time shall have softened passion and prejudice, when Reason shall have stripped the mask from misrepresentation, then Justice, holding evenly her scales, will require much of past censure and praise to change places”. With these words deep in our hearts, we would like to pronounce our judgement. Regarding authenticity on the Nanking Massacre, we hereby declare…(Pause)
The faces of ANNE and the others pause as well.
Cherry blossom petals fall down in a black background.
Photographs of two officers emerge.
They are the funeral pictures of second lieutenants Takeshi Noda and Toshiaki Mukaida.
The two officers were executed after the war for being charged of each executing a murder race to see who could kill 100 Chinese soldiers first. This is the will of one of the officers, second lieutenant Toshiaki Mukai.Officer Mukai’s will in Japanese and English are shown on the screen. The narration is in English.The photographs taken of both officers from right before the execution to right after the execution is shown on the screen.I swear to all the gods in the universe, that I have never killed a prisoner or a civilian.I have never committed a Nanking Massacre crimes.I will accept my death as God’s will and as a Japanese man will proudly become Chinese soil.But my soul will return to my dear country Japan.With my death, the grudge associated with 8 years of war with China shall wash away.If my death helps foster friendship between Japan and China, and brings peace within Asia, then I am happy for this death.I wish the best of luck to the future and prosperity of China.I wish the best of luck to the recovery and prosperity of JapanLong live ChinaLong live JapanLong live the Emperor
The petals of the cherry blossom fall once again in the black background.
I dedicate this movie to the Japanese and Chinese officers and soldiers who died in the war, and the citizens of Japan and China.
I also dedicate this movie to the late professor Futaranosuke Nagoshi and Tomoichiro Shiotsuki.
The Cast and Staff credits start to roll with the music.
The credits of financial support start to roll.